Operando X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic investigations of the electrochemical double layer at Ir/KOH(aq) interfaces

Michael F. Lichterman, Matthias H. Richter, Bruce S. Brunschwig, Nathan S Lewis, Hans Joachim Lewerenz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


Tender X-ray operando photoemission spectroscopy has been used to directly analyze the energetics of the double layer at a metal-water interface in a dilute electrolyte having a Debye length of several nanometers. The data are compared to a theoretical evaluation of the potential of the solution near the electrode. Due to its noble nature, Ir was chosen as a working electrode material, and KOH(aq) at varied concentrations and thicknesses constituted the electrolyte. Shifts in peak width and binding energy of the water O 1s core level were analyzed by modeling based on Debye-Hückel approximations. The data are consistent with electrochemical formulations of the double layer that provide a foundation to electrochemistry.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Nov 11 2016



  • Electrochemical double layer
  • Operando XPS
  • Solid/liquid interface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Radiation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this