Optical properties and electronic structures of semiconductors with screened-exchange LDA

R. Asahi, W. Mannstadt, Arthur J Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

132 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Results of first-principles calculations of the optical properties and electronic structure, determined by employing the screened-exchange LDA method to obtain accurate electronic structures as well as self-consistent eigenfunctions, are presented for some cubic semiconductors (Si, Ge, InSb, and GaAs). As implemented in the full-potential linearized augmented-plane-wave method, this approach does not require any adjustable parameters to calculate optical properties. The inadequacy of using the transverse expression of the dielectric function (involving ê-p matrix elements) is shown numerically for the optical spectra and dielectric constants even when the renormalization factor associated with the LDA eigenvalues is included. This is because the nonlocality of the Hamiltonian and the difference of the self-consistent eigenfunctions from the LDA ones are not negligible. In contrast, the optical properties evaluated using the longitudinal expression (with eiq-r matrix elements) yield excellent agreement with experiment considering the neglect of lifetime, local-field, and excitonic effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7486-7492
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume59
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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Electronic structure
Optical properties
Semiconductor materials
electronic structure
optical properties
Eigenvalues and eigenfunctions
eigenvectors
Hamiltonians
matrices
optical spectrum
plane waves
Permittivity
eigenvalues
permittivity
life (durability)
Experiments
gallium arsenide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Optical properties and electronic structures of semiconductors with screened-exchange LDA. / Asahi, R.; Mannstadt, W.; Freeman, Arthur J.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 59, No. 11, 1999, p. 7486-7492.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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