Physical stress in SiO2/SiC stacks formed by the thermal oxidation of SiC is studied experimentally through both room temperature ex-situ and variable temperature (25-1150 °C) in-situ investigations. Mechanisms giving rise to the stress are a thermal component, associated with differences in thermal expansion coefficients of the oxide and the substrate, and an intrinsic component associated with the different atomic densities and structure of the film and substrate. Ex-situ results show a ∼108Pa compressive stress in the SiO2 film in a SiO2/SiC stack with a strong crystal face dependence (C face(000ī) and Si face (0001)) and processing (temperature, growth rate) dependence. Real-time stress determination demonstrates that at temperatures above ∼900 °C, the total intrinsic stress and a portion of the thermal stress may be relieved. On the basis of these findings, a viscous model is proposed to discuss the stress relaxation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)