Oxide solid solutions derived from homogeneous carbonate precursors: The CaO-MnO solid solution

K. R. Poeppelmeier, H. S. Horowitz, J. M. Longo

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Thermal decomposition of the mixed carbonate solid solution Ca1 - x-Mnx CO3 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) at 1273 K in hydrogen results in the respective oxide solid solutions Ca1 - xMnxO. Thermolysis at temperatures less than 1173 K of the homogeneous carbonate phase, Ca1 - xMnxCO3 (x = 0.5) results in incomplete solid solution and a calcium and manganese oxiderich mixture. The miscibility gap extends from 25 to 85 mol% MnO at 873 K. The decomposition reactions were conducted in a hydrogen atmosphere in order to maintain manganese in the divalent state. These results are compared with earlier decomposition studies conducted at reduced pressures of carbon dioxide and in vacuo. The important role of the decomposition mechanism in the application of the solid solution precursor method to solid state reactions is emphasized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-227
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Less-Common Metals
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 1986


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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