Phase stability of epitaxial KTaxNb1-xO3 thin films deposited by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition

B. M. Nichols, B. H. Hoerman, J. H. Hwang, Thomas O Mason, B. W. Wessels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The phase stability of epitaxial KTaxNb1-xO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) thin films, with compositions over the entire solid solution range, was investigated. KTaxNb1-xO3 thin films were deposited on (100) MgAl2O4 substrates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. Films with compositions x ≤ 0.30 were orthorhombic, as determined by x-ray diffraction. Dielectric measurements at room temperature indicated the presence of morphotropic phase boundaries at x = 0.30 and at x = 0.74. Temperature-dependent measurements of the dielectric constant for KNbO3 from 80 to 800 K indicated three structural phase transitions at 710, 520, and 240 K. For intermediate compositions, a decrease in the Curie and tetragonal-orthorhombic transition temperatures was observed with increasing Ta atomic percent, similar to the bulk phase equilibrium. In contrast to bulk materials, an increase in the orthorhombic-rhombohedral transition temperature with increasing x was observed for the films, resulting in the stabilization of a rhombohedral phase at room temperature for compositions 0.45 ≤ x ≤0.73. Differences between the phase stability for the thin films and bulk were attributed to lattice misfit strain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-110
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2003

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Phase stability
Metallorganic chemical vapor deposition
metalorganic chemical vapor deposition
Thin films
thin films
Chemical analysis
Superconducting transition temperature
transition temperature
Phase boundaries
room temperature
Phase equilibria
Temperature
Solid solutions
x ray diffraction
Permittivity
solid solutions
Stabilization
Diffraction
stabilization
Phase transitions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Phase stability of epitaxial KTaxNb1-xO3 thin films deposited by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. / Nichols, B. M.; Hoerman, B. H.; Hwang, J. H.; Mason, Thomas O; Wessels, B. W.

In: Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 18, No. 1, 01.2003, p. 106-110.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nichols, B. M. ; Hoerman, B. H. ; Hwang, J. H. ; Mason, Thomas O ; Wessels, B. W. / Phase stability of epitaxial KTaxNb1-xO3 thin films deposited by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. In: Journal of Materials Research. 2003 ; Vol. 18, No. 1. pp. 106-110.
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