Photoelectrochemical hydrogen evolution using Si microwire arrays

Shannon W. Boettcher, Emily L. Warren, Morgan C. Putnam, Elizabeth A. Santori, Daniel Turner-Evans, Michael D. Kelzenberg, Michael G. Walter, James R. McKone, Bruce S. Brunschwig, Harry A. Atwater, Nathan S. Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

457 Citations (Scopus)


Arrays of B-doped p-Si microwires, diffusion-doped with P to form a radial n+ emitter and subsequently coated with a 1.5-nm-thick discontinuous film of evaporated Pt, were used as photocathodes for H2 evolution from water. These electrodes yielded thermodynamically based energy-conversion efficiencies >5% under 1 sun solar simulation, despite absorbing less than 50% of the above-band-gap incident photons. Analogous p-Si wire-array electrodes yielded efficiencies <0.2%, largely limited by the low photovoltage generated at the p-Si/H2O junction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1216-1219
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Feb 9 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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  • Cite this

    Boettcher, S. W., Warren, E. L., Putnam, M. C., Santori, E. A., Turner-Evans, D., Kelzenberg, M. D., Walter, M. G., McKone, J. R., Brunschwig, B. S., Atwater, H. A., & Lewis, N. S. (2011). Photoelectrochemical hydrogen evolution using Si microwire arrays. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 133(5), 1216-1219.