Photoionization cross section of 1s orthoexcitons in cuprous oxide

Laszlo Frazer, Kelvin B. Chang, Kenneth R Poeppelmeier, John B. Ketterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report measurements of the attenuation of a beam of orthoexciton polaritons by a photoionizing optical probe. Excitons were prepared in a narrow resonance by two photon absorption of a 1.016 eV, 54 ps pulsed light source in cuprous oxide (Cu2O) at 1.4 K. A collinear, 1.165 eV, 54 ps probe delayed by 119 ps was used to measure the photoionization cross section of the excitons. Two photon absorption is quadratic with respect to the intensity of the pump and leads to polariton formation. Ionization is linear with respect to the intensity of the probe. Subsequent carrier recombination is quadratic with respect to the intensity of the probe, and is distinguished because it shifts the exciton momentum away from the polariton anticrossing; the photoionizing probe leads to a rise in phonon-linked luminescence in addition to the attenuation of polaritons. The evolution of the exciton density was determined by variably delaying the probe pulse. Using the probe irradiance and the reduction in the transmitted polariton light, a cross section of (3.9±0.2)×10-22 m2 was deduced for the probe frequency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number245203
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume89
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 30 2014

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Photoionization
photoionization
Oxides
polaritons
oxides
probes
cross sections
Excitons
excitons
Photons
attenuation
cuprous oxide
photons
irradiance
Ionization
Light sources
Luminescence
Momentum
light sources
Pumps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Photoionization cross section of 1s orthoexcitons in cuprous oxide. / Frazer, Laszlo; Chang, Kelvin B.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R; Ketterson, John B.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 89, No. 24, 245203, 30.06.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - We report measurements of the attenuation of a beam of orthoexciton polaritons by a photoionizing optical probe. Excitons were prepared in a narrow resonance by two photon absorption of a 1.016 eV, 54 ps pulsed light source in cuprous oxide (Cu2O) at 1.4 K. A collinear, 1.165 eV, 54 ps probe delayed by 119 ps was used to measure the photoionization cross section of the excitons. Two photon absorption is quadratic with respect to the intensity of the pump and leads to polariton formation. Ionization is linear with respect to the intensity of the probe. Subsequent carrier recombination is quadratic with respect to the intensity of the probe, and is distinguished because it shifts the exciton momentum away from the polariton anticrossing; the photoionizing probe leads to a rise in phonon-linked luminescence in addition to the attenuation of polaritons. The evolution of the exciton density was determined by variably delaying the probe pulse. Using the probe irradiance and the reduction in the transmitted polariton light, a cross section of (3.9±0.2)×10-22 m2 was deduced for the probe frequency.

AB - We report measurements of the attenuation of a beam of orthoexciton polaritons by a photoionizing optical probe. Excitons were prepared in a narrow resonance by two photon absorption of a 1.016 eV, 54 ps pulsed light source in cuprous oxide (Cu2O) at 1.4 K. A collinear, 1.165 eV, 54 ps probe delayed by 119 ps was used to measure the photoionization cross section of the excitons. Two photon absorption is quadratic with respect to the intensity of the pump and leads to polariton formation. Ionization is linear with respect to the intensity of the probe. Subsequent carrier recombination is quadratic with respect to the intensity of the probe, and is distinguished because it shifts the exciton momentum away from the polariton anticrossing; the photoionizing probe leads to a rise in phonon-linked luminescence in addition to the attenuation of polaritons. The evolution of the exciton density was determined by variably delaying the probe pulse. Using the probe irradiance and the reduction in the transmitted polariton light, a cross section of (3.9±0.2)×10-22 m2 was deduced for the probe frequency.

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