Phthalocyanine-based electrically conductive, processible molecular/macromolecular hybrid materials

Tamotsu Inabe, Wen Bin Liang, Joseph F. Lomax, Shuhei Nakamura, Joseph W. Lyding, William J. McCarthy, Stephen H. Carr, Carl R. Kannewurf, Tobin J Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This contribution relates new information on the properties of electrically conductive, processible Ni(Pc)/polymer/I2 hybrid materials. Both the temperature and composition dependence of the electrical conductivity of Ni(Pc)/Kevlar/I2 fibres are strongly reminiscent of the behaviour of composites. Using a variant of our fibre spinning methodology, it is also possible to produce Ni(Pc)/Kevlar/I2 ribbons. Polarized resonance Raman spectroscopy indicates that the ribbons are structurally anisotropic (Ni(Pc)I c axes are preferentially aligned in the extrusion direction), while four-probe transport measurements indicate significant anisotropy in the conductivity ( σ{norm of matrix} σhu ≈ 8 where {norm of matrix} denotes the extrusion direction). This anisotropy is nearly temperature independent. Electrically conductive fibres can also be prepared using Nomex or poly(p-phenylene-2,6-benzobisthiazole) (PBT) instead of Kevlar as the host polymer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-229
Number of pages11
JournalSynthetic Metals
Volume13
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1986

Fingerprint

Kevlar (trademark)
Hybrid materials
norms
ribbons
Extrusion
fibers
Fibers
Polymers
Anisotropy
anisotropy
polymers
matrices
metal spinning
Raman spectroscopy
methodology
conductivity
Temperature
temperature dependence
electrical resistivity
composite materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Phthalocyanine-based electrically conductive, processible molecular/macromolecular hybrid materials. / Inabe, Tamotsu; Liang, Wen Bin; Lomax, Joseph F.; Nakamura, Shuhei; Lyding, Joseph W.; McCarthy, William J.; Carr, Stephen H.; Kannewurf, Carl R.; Marks, Tobin J.

In: Synthetic Metals, Vol. 13, No. 1-3, 1986, p. 219-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Inabe, T, Liang, WB, Lomax, JF, Nakamura, S, Lyding, JW, McCarthy, WJ, Carr, SH, Kannewurf, CR & Marks, TJ 1986, 'Phthalocyanine-based electrically conductive, processible molecular/macromolecular hybrid materials', Synthetic Metals, vol. 13, no. 1-3, pp. 219-229. https://doi.org/10.1016/0379-6779(86)90072-X
Inabe, Tamotsu ; Liang, Wen Bin ; Lomax, Joseph F. ; Nakamura, Shuhei ; Lyding, Joseph W. ; McCarthy, William J. ; Carr, Stephen H. ; Kannewurf, Carl R. ; Marks, Tobin J. / Phthalocyanine-based electrically conductive, processible molecular/macromolecular hybrid materials. In: Synthetic Metals. 1986 ; Vol. 13, No. 1-3. pp. 219-229.
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AB - This contribution relates new information on the properties of electrically conductive, processible Ni(Pc)/polymer/I2 hybrid materials. Both the temperature and composition dependence of the electrical conductivity of Ni(Pc)/Kevlar/I2 fibres are strongly reminiscent of the behaviour of composites. Using a variant of our fibre spinning methodology, it is also possible to produce Ni(Pc)/Kevlar/I2 ribbons. Polarized resonance Raman spectroscopy indicates that the ribbons are structurally anisotropic (Ni(Pc)I c axes are preferentially aligned in the extrusion direction), while four-probe transport measurements indicate significant anisotropy in the conductivity ( σ{norm of matrix} σhu ≈ 8 where {norm of matrix} denotes the extrusion direction). This anisotropy is nearly temperature independent. Electrically conductive fibres can also be prepared using Nomex or poly(p-phenylene-2,6-benzobisthiazole) (PBT) instead of Kevlar as the host polymer.

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