PHTHALOCYANINE FLUORESCENCE AT HIGH CONCENTRATION: DIMERS OR REABSORPTION EFFECT?

S. Dhami, A. J De Mello, Gary Rumbles, S. M. Bishop, D. Phillips, A. Beeby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

162 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract— For tetrasulfonated aluminum phthalocyanine (AlPcS4), dimer formation is characterized in the absorption spectrum by a broadening of the Q‐band and the appearance of a new band at the red edge of the spectrum. The high concentrations required to produce dimers, however, often leads to anomalous observations in fluorescence spectroscopy. In the present study, we have examined the photophysical characteristics of two dye systems; AlPcS4 in a 66% ethanol/water mixture and disulfonated aluminum phthalocyanine in methanol. Using absorption spectroscopy, the formation of dimers is shown to be prevalent only in the case of AlPcS4. The fluorescence emission spectra in both cases, however, exhibit similar spectral changes with increasing dye concentration. The measured fluorescence decay profiles for both dyes also show similar trends: They are monoexponential, invariant with emission wavelength and have decay times that increase with dye concentration. These distortions are sometimes incorrectly attributed to dimer fluorescence. We find no evidence for the existence of dimer fluorescence and demonstrate that these data can be readily explained, by taking into consideration the effects of reabsorption of fluorescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-346
Number of pages6
JournalPhotochemistry and Photobiology
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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