Point defect modeling of La2CuO4-based superconductors

Li Shen, Paul A. Salvador, Thomas O Mason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A point defect modeling study of the oxygen nonstoichiometry and high-temperature electrical properties of La2-xAExCuO4-y (AE = Ba, Sr, and Ca) systems indicates that, whereas oxygen excess (y0) results primarily from dopant-vacancy associates at large x; isolated oxygen vacancies are apparently minority defect species. The onset of oxygen deficiency due to dopant-vacancy associates occurs at x≈0.15 in the AE = Ba and Sr systems but at x≈0.05 in the AE = Ca system. Ideal ionic point defect behavior persists to x≈0.4 in the AE = Ba and Ca systems and to x≈0.5 in the AE = Sr system. A premature flattening of the electrical properties above x≈0.2 occurs in the AE = Ba and Sr systems. Reasons for the extensive range of ideal ionic behavior and for the onset of degenerate electronic behavior are discussed, as are ramifications for high-Tc superconductivity in these materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-88
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume77
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

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