Point defects and transport mechanisms in transparent conducting oxides of intermediate conductivity

B. J. Ingram, M. I. Bertoni, Kenneth R Poeppelmeier, Thomas O Mason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The layered delafossite structure p-type transparent conducting oxides (TCOs) and the mayenite cage-structure n-type transparent conducting oxides represent enabling materials for novel technological applications. In the present work, isovalent replacement of the delafossite B-site cation (i.e., B=Sc and Y for Al in CuBO2) and isovalent substitution of the mayenite Ca-cations by Mg in C12A7 (12CaO•7Al 2O3) were undertaken to probe the conduction mechanisms and defect structures of these novel materials. Both classes of materials exhibit small polaron conduction with comparable activation energies and conductivities. In the delafossites, increasing B-cation radius increases the hopping energy without changing the pre-exponential factors. An upper limit for mobility is estimated at ∼1 cm2 V-1 s-1 for these materials. In terms of carrier generation mechanisms, there is a changeover from aluminum anti-site/oxygen interstitial associates in CuAlO 2 to oxygen interstitials in CuScO2 and CuYO2. In Mg-doped mayenite, substitution produces no change in activation energy but a precipitous drop in the pre-exponential factor. This behavior is linked to magnesium ions blocking critical conduction paths in the mayenite structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-93
Number of pages8
JournalThin Solid Films
Volume486
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 22 2005

Fingerprint

Point defects
Oxides
point defects
Cations
conduction
conductivity
oxides
Positive ions
Substitution reactions
cations
Activation energy
Oxygen
interstitials
Gene Conversion
Defect structures
substitutes
activation energy
Aluminum
Magnesium
oxygen

Keywords

  • Delafossite
  • Mayenite
  • Point defects
  • Small polarons
  • Transparent conducting oxide (TCO)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Point defects and transport mechanisms in transparent conducting oxides of intermediate conductivity. / Ingram, B. J.; Bertoni, M. I.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R; Mason, Thomas O.

In: Thin Solid Films, Vol. 486, No. 1-2, 22.08.2005, p. 86-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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