Polymers with multiple ligand sites for metal extractions in dense-phase carbon dioxide

K. R. Powell, T. M. McCleskey, W. Tumas, J. M. DeSimone

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23 Citations (Scopus)


We have synthesized a series of CO2-soluble polymeric extractants with multiple ligand sites for CO2-based metal extractions. The CO2-soluble polymers were prepared via free-radical copolymerization of a fluorinated acrylate with a series of acrylate- or styrene-based monomers functionalized with ligand sites or ligand precursors. These polymers have high solubility in CO2; up to 30 wt % of a polymer with 15 mol % of a ligand-based monomer can be solubilized in liquid CO2 at 25°C at 140 bar. Copper and europium extractions have been performed with β-diketone- and phosphonate-functionalized polymers, respectively. Preliminary extractions with copper nitrate were carried out at ligand-to-metal ratios of 1:1 and 2.7:1, resulting in 25-37% and 59% efficiency, respectively, suggesting a ligand binding stoichiometry of 2 for efficient extraction. Europium luminescence studies demonstrate that europium is bound to the polymer along with four water molecules in the inner coordination sphere.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1301-1305
Number of pages5
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 7 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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