Polysulfide Ligands in Solid-State Antimony Compounds. Isolation and Structural Characterization of Cs2Sb4S8 and CsSbS6

Timothy J. McCarthy, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis

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37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cs2Sb4S8 and CsSbS6 were synthesized by reacting Sb with a Cs2Sx flux. An investigation of the Sb/Cs2Sx system at 260 and 280 °C revealed the presence of two new ternary sulfides, Cs2Sb4S8 (I) (67% yield) and CsSbS6 (II) (69% yield), respectively. Red-orange Cs2Sb4S8 crystallizes in the triclinic [formula omited] space group (No. 2) with a = 6.743(1) Å, b = 9.577(2) Å, c = 6.397(1) Å, α = 91.63(1)°, β= 104.83(1)°, γ = 80.57(1)°, V= 392 Å3, Z = 1, and dcalc = 4.27g/cm3; number of data with F02 > 3σ(F02) 1889, number of variables 65, 2θmax = 60°. The final R/Rw = 3.2/4.9. The structure of I consists of [Sb4S6] units that are assembled into chains in the a direction. The chains are connected by S22 bridging units to form layers that are parallel to the (011) crystallographic plane. The layers are connected by Sb-S interactions to form channels that are filled with 10-coordinate Cs+ ions (Cs-S mean = 3.62(4) Å). Compound II crystallizes in the P21/n space group (No. 14) with a = 5.885(2) Å, b = 14.413(2) Å, c = 11.079(2) Å, β = 101.69(2)°, V = 920 Å3, Z = 4, and dcalc = 3.23g/cm3; number of data with F02 > 3σ(F02) 1926, number of variables 74, 2θmax = 60°. The final R/Rw = 2.5/3.9. The structure consists of four-membered Sb2S2 rings linked along the a axis via pentasulfide ligands to form one-dimensional chains that are separated by Cs+ ions. The band gaps of the semiconducting I and II are 2.05 and 2.25 eV, respectively. Thermal analysis data for I and II are reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1205-1211
Number of pages7
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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