We present photoluminescence (PL), UV absorption, electroluminescence and x-ray reflectivity studies of self-assembled multilayer films containing alternate layers of conjugated copolymers, and nonconjugated insulating polymers. We show that the PL emission properties of these organic quantum wells can be "tuned" by a proper choice of the conjugated copolymer and the thickness of the insulating layers. Particularly, some of the self-assembled ultrathin films containing thin (∼7 Å) insulating polymeric layers exhibit a blue shift upon decreasing the thickness of the assembly. The PL shift is roughly proportional to 1ld where d is the thickness of the assembly, as expected for confined photogenerated electron-hole pair in an infinite square potential well. In contrast, the PL emission of similar assemblies but containing thick (∼40 Å) insulating layers is independent of the assembly thickness and exhibit emission in the blue. This may suggest a strong spatial confinement. Light emitting diodes based on self-assembled multilayer films with improved efficiency and stability and with threshold voltage as low as 2.6 V could be fabricated.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 15 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)