Predicted efficiency of Si wire array solar cells

M. D. Kelzenberg, M. C. Putnam, D. B. Turner-Evans, N. S. Lewis, H. A. Atwater

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Solar cells based on arrays of CVD-grown Si nano- or micro-wires have attracted interest as potentially low-cost alternatives to conventional wafer-based Si photovoltaics [1-6], and single-wire solar cells have been reported with efficiencies of up to 3.4% [7]. We recently presented device physics simulations which predicted efficiencies exceeding 17%, based on experimentally observed diffusion lengths within our wires [8]. However, this model did not take into account the optical properties of a wire array device - in particular the inherently low packing fraction of wires within CVD-grown wire arrays, which might limit their ability to fully absorb incident sunlight. For this reason, we have combined a device physics model of Si wire solar cells with FDTD simulations of light absorption within wire arrays to investigate the potential photovoltaic efficiency of this cell geometry. We have found that even a sparsely packed array (14%) is expected to absorb moderate (66%) amounts of above-bandgap solar energy, yielding a simulated photovoltaic efficiency of 14.5%. Because the wire array comprises such a small volume of Si, the observed absorption represents an effective optical concentration, which enables greater operating voltages than previously predicted for Si wire array solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2009 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2009
Pages1948-1953
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Event2009 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2009 - Philadelphia, PA, United States
Duration: Jun 7 2009Jun 12 2009

Publication series

NameConference Record of the IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference
ISSN (Print)0160-8371

Other

Other2009 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2009
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia, PA
Period6/7/096/12/09

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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    Kelzenberg, M. D., Putnam, M. C., Turner-Evans, D. B., Lewis, N. S., & Atwater, H. A. (2009). Predicted efficiency of Si wire array solar cells. In 2009 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2009 (pp. 1948-1953). [5411542] (Conference Record of the IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference). https://doi.org/10.1109/PVSC.2009.5411542