Probing Strain-Induced Band Gap Modulation in 2D Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Perovskites

Qing Tu, Ioannis Spanopoulos, Shiqiang Hao, Christopher Wolverton, Mercouri G Kanatzidis, Gajendra S. Shekhawat, Vinayak P. Dravid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


In photovoltaics and flexible electronics applications, two-dimensional (2D) hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites (HOIPs) are often subjected to mechanical strain arising from materials processing, device functioning, and thermal expansion. Here we report for the first time a study of the band gap response to uniaxial tensile strain in thin 2D HOIP flakes with a general formula of (CH 3 (CH 2 ) 3 NH 3 ) 2 (CH 3 -NH 3 ) n-1 Pb n I 3n+1 . At large n (n > 3), the band gap will increase as the strain increases, and the strain response of band gap can be as high as 13.3 meV/% for n = 5, which is due to the rotation of the inorganic [PbI 6 ] 4- octahedra and the consequential Pb-I bond stretching and increase of Pb-I-Pb. Our findings provide a route to engineer the electronic properties of 2D HOIPs. The observed band gap-strain relationship can be harnessed to map the local mechanical strain in 2D HOIP-based devices and allow 2D HOIPs for sensing applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)796-802
Number of pages7
JournalACS Energy Letters
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 8 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Materials Chemistry

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