Pulse radiolysis studies of water-soluble tungsten hydride complexes

One-electron reduction of metal hydrides and hydrogen atom transfer reactions

Diane E. Cabelli, Faisal Shafiq, Carol Creutz, R Morris Bullock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reactivity of the previously (Organometallics 2000, 19, 824-833) prepared hydride complexes (C5H4CO2H)L (CO)2WH (L = CO, PMe3) and the corresponding metal-metal dimers [(C5H4CO2H)L(CO)2 W]2 in pulse radiolysis studies in aqueous solution is reported. The disappearance of eaq - was monitored to determine the rate constants for one-electron reduction. The smallest reduction rate constant was obtained for the dianion (C5H4CO2) (CO)3W2- (4.3 × 109 M-1 s-1), and the largest value (1.2 × 1010 M-1 s-1) was observed for its conjugate acid (C5H4CO2)(CO)3WH-. For the PMe3-substituted complexes, the dimer reduction rate constant was about twice as large as that for the hydride (k = 8.4 × 109 M-1 s-1). Rate constants for reaction with CO2 -, 3.2 × 108 (pH 5) and 3.0 × 107 (pH 9.7) M-1 s-1, were determined for (C5H4CO2)(CO)3WH- and (C5H4CO2)(PMe3)WH-, respectively. Rate constants for the reactions of the hydride complexes with the carbon-centered radical from tert-butyl alcohol and the α-hydroxy radicals from ethanol and 2-propanol radicals were in the ranges (0.9-4.8) × 108 and (0.3-0.6) × 108 M-1 s-1 for (C5H4CO2)(CO)3 WH- and (C5H4CO2)(PMe3) (CO)2WH-1, respectively. The transient produced in all of these reactions was the metal radical, which was observed to dimerize with k = 2.4 × 109 and 2.2 × 108 M-1 s-1 for (C5H4CO2)(CO)3 WH- and (C5H4CO2)(PMe3) (CO)2WH-, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3729-3737
Number of pages9
JournalOrganometallics
Volume20
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 20 2001

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Radiolysis
Tungsten
metal hydrides
radiolysis
Hydrides
hydrides
Hydrogen
Rate constants
hydrogen atoms
tungsten
Metals
Atoms
Electrons
Water
pulses
water
atoms
electrons
Dimers
dimers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Pulse radiolysis studies of water-soluble tungsten hydride complexes : One-electron reduction of metal hydrides and hydrogen atom transfer reactions. / Cabelli, Diane E.; Shafiq, Faisal; Creutz, Carol; Bullock, R Morris.

In: Organometallics, Vol. 20, No. 17, 20.08.2001, p. 3729-3737.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The reactivity of the previously (Organometallics 2000, 19, 824-833) prepared hydride complexes (C5H4CO2H)L (CO)2WH (L = CO, PMe3) and the corresponding metal-metal dimers [(C5H4CO2H)L(CO)2 W]2 in pulse radiolysis studies in aqueous solution is reported. The disappearance of eaq - was monitored to determine the rate constants for one-electron reduction. The smallest reduction rate constant was obtained for the dianion (C5H4CO2) (CO)3W2- (4.3 × 109 M-1 s-1), and the largest value (1.2 × 1010 M-1 s-1) was observed for its conjugate acid (C5H4CO2)(CO)3WH-. For the PMe3-substituted complexes, the dimer reduction rate constant was about twice as large as that for the hydride (k = 8.4 × 109 M-1 s-1). Rate constants for reaction with CO2 -, 3.2 × 108 (pH 5) and 3.0 × 107 (pH 9.7) M-1 s-1, were determined for (C5H4CO2)(CO)3WH- and (C5H4CO2)(PMe3)WH-, respectively. Rate constants for the reactions of the hydride complexes with the carbon-centered radical from tert-butyl alcohol and the α-hydroxy radicals from ethanol and 2-propanol radicals were in the ranges (0.9-4.8) × 108 and (0.3-0.6) × 108 M-1 s-1 for (C5H4CO2)(CO)3 WH- and (C5H4CO2)(PMe3) (CO)2WH-1, respectively. The transient produced in all of these reactions was the metal radical, which was observed to dimerize with k = 2.4 × 109 and 2.2 × 108 M-1 s-1 for (C5H4CO2)(CO)3 WH- and (C5H4CO2)(PMe3) (CO)2WH-, respectively.",
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N2 - The reactivity of the previously (Organometallics 2000, 19, 824-833) prepared hydride complexes (C5H4CO2H)L (CO)2WH (L = CO, PMe3) and the corresponding metal-metal dimers [(C5H4CO2H)L(CO)2 W]2 in pulse radiolysis studies in aqueous solution is reported. The disappearance of eaq - was monitored to determine the rate constants for one-electron reduction. The smallest reduction rate constant was obtained for the dianion (C5H4CO2) (CO)3W2- (4.3 × 109 M-1 s-1), and the largest value (1.2 × 1010 M-1 s-1) was observed for its conjugate acid (C5H4CO2)(CO)3WH-. For the PMe3-substituted complexes, the dimer reduction rate constant was about twice as large as that for the hydride (k = 8.4 × 109 M-1 s-1). Rate constants for reaction with CO2 -, 3.2 × 108 (pH 5) and 3.0 × 107 (pH 9.7) M-1 s-1, were determined for (C5H4CO2)(CO)3WH- and (C5H4CO2)(PMe3)WH-, respectively. Rate constants for the reactions of the hydride complexes with the carbon-centered radical from tert-butyl alcohol and the α-hydroxy radicals from ethanol and 2-propanol radicals were in the ranges (0.9-4.8) × 108 and (0.3-0.6) × 108 M-1 s-1 for (C5H4CO2)(CO)3 WH- and (C5H4CO2)(PMe3) (CO)2WH-1, respectively. The transient produced in all of these reactions was the metal radical, which was observed to dimerize with k = 2.4 × 109 and 2.2 × 108 M-1 s-1 for (C5H4CO2)(CO)3 WH- and (C5H4CO2)(PMe3) (CO)2WH-, respectively.

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