RbCu1.2Ag3.8Se3 and Cs2Cu2Sb2Se5: Novel Quaternary Intermetallics Synthesized from Superheated Organic Media

Zhen Chen, Ru Ji Wang, Kieran J. Dilks, Jing Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reactions in superheated ethylenediamine (en) solutions at 160°C resulted in two novel quaternary intermetallic copper selenides, RbCu1.2Ag3.8Se3(I) and Cs2Cu2Sb2Se5(II). Both I and II are metal rich and represent new layered structure types. Compound I crystallizes in the tetragonal crystal system, space group P4/nbm (No. 125) with a=5.991(1) Å, c=10.918(2) Å, Z=2, V=391.9(1) Å3, R1/wR2=0.0373/0.0458 for all reflections. Compound II belongs to the triclinic crystal system, space group P1 (No. 2), a=7.645(1) Å, b=8.768(2) Å, c=10.264(1) Å, α=91.97(2)°, β=92.07(2)°, γ=103.05(1)°, Z=2, V=669.2(3) Å3, R1/wR2=0.0685/0.0740 for all reflections. I consists of 2 [(Cu1.2Ag3.8Se 3)-] layers and Rb+ counterions located between these layers. There are two types of metal-to-selenium coordination, a square planar (Ag) and a trigonal pyramidal (Cu/Ag). The Se(1) atom displays an unusual eight coordination with Ag and Cu. II contains alternating 2 [(Cu2Sb2Se5) 2-] anionic and Cs+ cationic layers. Each copper atom has a distorted tetrahedral coordination to four Se atoms, and each antimony atom bonds to three Se atoms to result in a trigonal pyramidal geometry. Both I and II are semiconductors with estimated band gaps of 0.7-0.8 and 1.2-1.3 eV, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-139
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume147
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1999

Fingerprint

Intermetallics
intermetallics
Atoms
ethylenediamine
atoms
Copper
copper selenides
Metals
Antimony
Crystals
Selenium
selenium
antimony
metals
crystals
Energy gap
Semiconductor materials
copper
Geometry
geometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

RbCu1.2Ag3.8Se3 and Cs2Cu2Sb2Se5 : Novel Quaternary Intermetallics Synthesized from Superheated Organic Media. / Chen, Zhen; Wang, Ru Ji; Dilks, Kieran J.; Li, Jing.

In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 147, No. 1, 10.1999, p. 132-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Reactions in superheated ethylenediamine (en) solutions at 160°C resulted in two novel quaternary intermetallic copper selenides, RbCu1.2Ag3.8Se3(I) and Cs2Cu2Sb2Se5(II). Both I and II are metal rich and represent new layered structure types. Compound I crystallizes in the tetragonal crystal system, space group P4/nbm (No. 125) with a=5.991(1) {\AA}, c=10.918(2) {\AA}, Z=2, V=391.9(1) {\AA}3, R1/wR2=0.0373/0.0458 for all reflections. Compound II belongs to the triclinic crystal system, space group P1 (No. 2), a=7.645(1) {\AA}, b=8.768(2) {\AA}, c=10.264(1) {\AA}, α=91.97(2)°, β=92.07(2)°, γ=103.05(1)°, Z=2, V=669.2(3) {\AA}3, R1/wR2=0.0685/0.0740 for all reflections. I consists of 2 ∞[(Cu1.2Ag3.8Se 3)-] layers and Rb+ counterions located between these layers. There are two types of metal-to-selenium coordination, a square planar (Ag) and a trigonal pyramidal (Cu/Ag). The Se(1) atom displays an unusual eight coordination with Ag and Cu. II contains alternating 2 ∞[(Cu2Sb2Se5) 2-] anionic and Cs+ cationic layers. Each copper atom has a distorted tetrahedral coordination to four Se atoms, and each antimony atom bonds to three Se atoms to result in a trigonal pyramidal geometry. Both I and II are semiconductors with estimated band gaps of 0.7-0.8 and 1.2-1.3 eV, respectively.",
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N2 - Reactions in superheated ethylenediamine (en) solutions at 160°C resulted in two novel quaternary intermetallic copper selenides, RbCu1.2Ag3.8Se3(I) and Cs2Cu2Sb2Se5(II). Both I and II are metal rich and represent new layered structure types. Compound I crystallizes in the tetragonal crystal system, space group P4/nbm (No. 125) with a=5.991(1) Å, c=10.918(2) Å, Z=2, V=391.9(1) Å3, R1/wR2=0.0373/0.0458 for all reflections. Compound II belongs to the triclinic crystal system, space group P1 (No. 2), a=7.645(1) Å, b=8.768(2) Å, c=10.264(1) Å, α=91.97(2)°, β=92.07(2)°, γ=103.05(1)°, Z=2, V=669.2(3) Å3, R1/wR2=0.0685/0.0740 for all reflections. I consists of 2 ∞[(Cu1.2Ag3.8Se 3)-] layers and Rb+ counterions located between these layers. There are two types of metal-to-selenium coordination, a square planar (Ag) and a trigonal pyramidal (Cu/Ag). The Se(1) atom displays an unusual eight coordination with Ag and Cu. II contains alternating 2 ∞[(Cu2Sb2Se5) 2-] anionic and Cs+ cationic layers. Each copper atom has a distorted tetrahedral coordination to four Se atoms, and each antimony atom bonds to three Se atoms to result in a trigonal pyramidal geometry. Both I and II are semiconductors with estimated band gaps of 0.7-0.8 and 1.2-1.3 eV, respectively.

AB - Reactions in superheated ethylenediamine (en) solutions at 160°C resulted in two novel quaternary intermetallic copper selenides, RbCu1.2Ag3.8Se3(I) and Cs2Cu2Sb2Se5(II). Both I and II are metal rich and represent new layered structure types. Compound I crystallizes in the tetragonal crystal system, space group P4/nbm (No. 125) with a=5.991(1) Å, c=10.918(2) Å, Z=2, V=391.9(1) Å3, R1/wR2=0.0373/0.0458 for all reflections. Compound II belongs to the triclinic crystal system, space group P1 (No. 2), a=7.645(1) Å, b=8.768(2) Å, c=10.264(1) Å, α=91.97(2)°, β=92.07(2)°, γ=103.05(1)°, Z=2, V=669.2(3) Å3, R1/wR2=0.0685/0.0740 for all reflections. I consists of 2 ∞[(Cu1.2Ag3.8Se 3)-] layers and Rb+ counterions located between these layers. There are two types of metal-to-selenium coordination, a square planar (Ag) and a trigonal pyramidal (Cu/Ag). The Se(1) atom displays an unusual eight coordination with Ag and Cu. II contains alternating 2 ∞[(Cu2Sb2Se5) 2-] anionic and Cs+ cationic layers. Each copper atom has a distorted tetrahedral coordination to four Se atoms, and each antimony atom bonds to three Se atoms to result in a trigonal pyramidal geometry. Both I and II are semiconductors with estimated band gaps of 0.7-0.8 and 1.2-1.3 eV, respectively.

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