RbCu1.2Ag3.8Se3 and Cs2Cu2Sb2Se5: Novel Quaternary Intermetallics Synthesized from Superheated Organic Media

Zhen Chen, Ru Ji Wang, Kieran J. Dilks, Jing Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Reactions in superheated ethylenediamine (en) solutions at 160°C resulted in two novel quaternary intermetallic copper selenides, RbCu1.2Ag3.8Se3(I) and Cs2Cu2Sb2Se5(II). Both I and II are metal rich and represent new layered structure types. Compound I crystallizes in the tetragonal crystal system, space group P4/nbm (No. 125) with a=5.991(1) Å, c=10.918(2) Å, Z=2, V=391.9(1) Å3, R1/wR2=0.0373/0.0458 for all reflections. Compound II belongs to the triclinic crystal system, space group P1 (No. 2), a=7.645(1) Å, b=8.768(2) Å, c=10.264(1) Å, α=91.97(2)°, β=92.07(2)°, γ=103.05(1)°, Z=2, V=669.2(3) Å3, R1/wR2=0.0685/0.0740 for all reflections. I consists of 2[(Cu1.2Ag3.8Se 3)-] layers and Rb+ counterions located between these layers. There are two types of metal-to-selenium coordination, a square planar (Ag) and a trigonal pyramidal (Cu/Ag). The Se(1) atom displays an unusual eight coordination with Ag and Cu. II contains alternating 2[(Cu2Sb2Se5) 2-] anionic and Cs+ cationic layers. Each copper atom has a distorted tetrahedral coordination to four Se atoms, and each antimony atom bonds to three Se atoms to result in a trigonal pyramidal geometry. Both I and II are semiconductors with estimated band gaps of 0.7-0.8 and 1.2-1.3 eV, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-139
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'RbCu<sub>1.2</sub>Ag<sub>3.8</sub>Se<sub>3</sub> and Cs<sub>2</sub>Cu<sub>2</sub>Sb<sub>2</sub>Se<sub>5</sub>: Novel Quaternary Intermetallics Synthesized from Superheated Organic Media'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this