Recombination of photogenerated lophyl radicals in imidazolium-based ionic liquids

Veronika Strehmel, James F. Wishart, Dmitry Polyansky, Bernd Strehmel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Laser flash photolysis is applied to study the recombination reaction of lophyl radicals in ionic liquids in comparison with dimethylsulfoxide as an example of a traditional organic solvent. The latter exhibits a similar micropolarity as the ionic liquids. The ionic liquids investigated are 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethyIsulfonyI)imide (1), 1-hexyl-3-methyIimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (2), and 1-butyl-3- methylimidazolium tetafluoroborate (3). The recombination of the photolytic generated lophyl radicals occur significantly faster in the ionic liquids than expected from their macroscopic viscosities and is a specific effect of these ionic liquids. On the other hand, this reaction can be compared with the macroscopic viscosity in the case of dimethylsulfoxide. Activation parameters obtained for lophyl radical recombination suggest different, anion-dependent mechanistic effects. Quantum chemical calculations based on density functional theory provide a deeper insight of the molecular properties of the lophyl radical and its precursor. Thus, excitation energies, spin densities, molar volumes, and partial charges are calculated. Calculations show a spread of spin density over the three carbon atoms of the imidazolyl moiety, while only low spin density is calculated for the nitrogens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3112-3118
Number of pages7
JournalChemPhysChem
Volume10
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 7 2009

Fingerprint

Ionic Liquids
liquids
Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Density (specific gravity)
Viscosity
viscosity
Imides
recombination reactions
Excitation energy
molecular properties
imides
Photolysis
Organic solvents
Density functional theory
Anions
flash
photolysis
Nitrogen
Carbon
Chemical activation

Keywords

  • Dimerization
  • Ionic liquids
  • Laser spectroscopy
  • Photolysis
  • Radical reactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Recombination of photogenerated lophyl radicals in imidazolium-based ionic liquids. / Strehmel, Veronika; Wishart, James F.; Polyansky, Dmitry; Strehmel, Bernd.

In: ChemPhysChem, Vol. 10, No. 17, 07.12.2009, p. 3112-3118.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Strehmel, Veronika ; Wishart, James F. ; Polyansky, Dmitry ; Strehmel, Bernd. / Recombination of photogenerated lophyl radicals in imidazolium-based ionic liquids. In: ChemPhysChem. 2009 ; Vol. 10, No. 17. pp. 3112-3118.
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