Redox reactions of the non-heme iron in photosystem II

An EPR spectroscopic study

James P. McEvoy, Gary W Brudvig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Photosystem II (PSII) contains a non-heme ferrous ion, located on the stromal side of the protein in close proximity to quinones A and B (Q A and QB). We used EPR spectroscopy to examine the temperature-dependent redox reactions of the iron-quinone site, using it as a probe of potentially physiologically relevant proton-coupled electron-transfer (PCET) reactions. Complete chemical oxidation of the non-heme iron at ambient temperatures was followed by cryogenic photoreduction, producing a temperature-dependent yield of Fe2+QA (or Fe 3+QA -)⋯Chl+/Car +/YD charge separations. These charge separations were subsequently observed to partially recombine in the dark at cryogenic temperatures. We observed no double photochemical charge separations upon illumination at temperatures ≤30 K, demonstrating that QA and Fe3+ together act as a single electron-accepting moiety at very low temperatures. Our results indicate the existence of two populations of the iron-quinone site in PSII, one whose Fe3+ signal is abolished by illumination at liquid helium temperatures and one whose Fe3+ signal is abolished by illumination only above 75 K. The observation of non-heme iron photoreduction at cryogenic temperatures (possibly at liquid helium temperatures and certainly above 75 K) implies the existence of a low reorganization energy proton-transfer (ET) pathway within the protein to the non-heme iron environment, of possible relevance to the PCET reactions of QB and/or the non-heme iron itself. Furthermore, we observed the partial reoxidation of the non-heme iron by charge recombination with previously oxidized chlorophyll, carotenoid, and YD within PSII. This electron transfer might be important in the photoprotective transfer of oxidative power away from P 680 + and the oxygen-evolving complex in stressed PSII centers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13394-13403
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemistry
Volume47
Issue number50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 16 2008

Fingerprint

Photosystem II Protein Complex
Redox reactions
Oxidation-Reduction
Paramagnetic resonance
Iron
Temperature
Lighting
Electrons
Cryogenics
Protons
Helium
Nonheme Iron Proteins
Quinones
Proton transfer
Energy Transfer
Liquids
Carotenoids
Chlorophyll
Genetic Recombination
Spectrum Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Redox reactions of the non-heme iron in photosystem II : An EPR spectroscopic study. / McEvoy, James P.; Brudvig, Gary W.

In: Biochemistry, Vol. 47, No. 50, 16.12.2008, p. 13394-13403.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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