Reducing the Optical Gain Threshold in Two-Dimensional CdSe Nanoplatelets by the Giant Oscillator Strength Transition Effect

Qiuyang Li, Qiliang Liu, Richard D Schaller, Tianquan Lian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Two-dimensional CdSe nanoplatelets are promising lasing materials. Their large lateral areas reduce the optical gain threshold by increasing the oscillator strength and multiexciton lifetimes but also increase the gain threshold by requiring multiple band-edge excitons (>2) to reach the optical gain. We observe that the optical gain threshold of CdSe nanoplatelets at 4 K is a4-fold lower than that at room temperature. Transient absorption spectroscopy measurements indicate that the exciton center-of-mass coherent area is smaller than the lateral size at room temperature and extends to nearly the whole nanoplatelets at 4 K. This suggests that the reduction in the optical gain threshold at a low temperature can be attributed to exciton coherent area extension that reduces the saturation number of band-edge excitons to enable biexciton gain and increases the radiative decay rate, consistent with the giant oscillator strength transition effect. This work demonstrates a new direction for lowering the optical gain threshold of nanomaterials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1624-1632
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 4 2019

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Optical gain
oscillator strengths
Excitons
thresholds
excitons
Absorption spectroscopy
Nanostructured materials
Temperature
room temperature
decay rates
center of mass
lasing
absorption spectroscopy
LDS 751
saturation
life (durability)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Reducing the Optical Gain Threshold in Two-Dimensional CdSe Nanoplatelets by the Giant Oscillator Strength Transition Effect. / Li, Qiuyang; Liu, Qiliang; Schaller, Richard D; Lian, Tianquan.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 10, No. 7, 04.04.2019, p. 1624-1632.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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