The role of cobalt and iron phthalocyanines in catalytic CO2 reduction has been studied. Chemical, photochemical, and radiolytic reductions of the metal phthalocyanines (Pc) have been carried out in organic solvents, and reduction of their tetrasulfonated derivatives (TSPc) in aqueous solutions. CoIIPc and FeIIPc are readily reduced to [CoIPc]- and [FeIPc]-, which do not react with CO2. Reduction of [CoIPc]- yields a product which is characterized as the radical anion, [CoIPc·-]2-, on the basis of its absorption spectra in the visible and IR regions. This species is stable under dry anaerobic conditions and reacts rapidly with CO2. Catalytic formation of CO and formate is confirmed by photochemical experiments in DMF and acetonitrile solutions containing triehylamine (TEA) as a reductive quencher. The photochemical yields are greatly enhanced by the addition of p-terphenyl (TP). The radical anion. TP·-, formed from the reductive quenching of the singlet excited state with TEA, reduces the phthalocyanines very rapidly. The rate constants for reduction of CoIIPc, [CoIPc]-, and [FeIPc]- by TP·-, determined by pulse radiolysis in DMF solutions, are nearly diffusion-controlled. The mono-reduced species formed from [CoIPc]- is unstable under the pulse radiolysis conditions but is longer-lived under the flash photolysis conditions. The interaction of this species with CO2 is either too weak or too slow to detect in the current experiments, where a competing reaction with protons predominates.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry