Relative hydride, proton, and hydrogen atom transfer abilities of [HM(diphosphine)2]PF6 complexes (M = Pt, Ni)

Douglas E. Berning, Bruce C. Noll, Daniel L DuBois

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Abstract

A series of [M(diphosphine)2]X2, [HM(diphosphine)2]X, and M(diphosphine)2 complexes have been prepared for the purpose of determining the relative thermodynamic hydricities of the [HM(diphosphine)2]X complexes (M = Ni, Pt; X = BF4, PF6; diphosphine = bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane (dppe), bis(diethylphosphino)ethane (depe), bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane (dmpe), bis(dimethylphosphino)propane (dmpp)). Measurements of the half-wave potentials (E(1/2)) for the M(II) and M(0) complexes and pK(a) measurements for the metal hydride complexes have been used in a thermochemical cycle to obtain quantitative thermodynamic information on the relative hydride donor abilities of the metal-hydride complexes. The hydride donor strengths vary by 23 kcal/mol and are influenced by the metal, the ligand substituents, and the size of the chelate bite of the diphosphine ligand. The best hydride donor of the complexes prepared is [HPt(dmpe)2](PF6), a third-row transition metal with basic substituents and a diphosphine ligand with a small chelate bite. The best hydride acceptors have the opposite characteristics. X-ray diffraction studies were carried out on eight complexes: [Ni(dmpe)2](BF4)2, [Ni(depe)2](BF4)2, [Ni(dmpp)2](BF4)2, [Pt(dmpp)2](PF6)2, [Ni(dmpe)2(CH3CN)](BF4)2, [Ni(dmpp)2(CH3CN)](BF4)2, Ni(dmpp)2, and Pt(dmpp)2. The cations [Ni(dmpp)2]2+ and [Pt(dmpp)2]2+ exhibit significant tetrahedral distortions from a square-planar geometry arising from the larger chelate bite of dmpp compared to that of dmpe. This tetrahedral distortion produces a decrease in the energy of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of the [M(dmpp)2]2+ complexes, stabilizes the +1 oxidation state, and makes the [HM(dmpp)2]+ complexes poorer hydride donors than their dmpe analogues. Another interesting structural feature is the shortening of the M-P bond upon reduction from M(II) to M(0).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11432-11447
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume121
Issue number49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 1999

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Propane
Hydrides
Ethane
Protons
Hydrogen
Atoms
Bites and Stings
Metals
Coordination Complexes
Ligands
Thermodynamics
Molecular orbitals
X-Ray Diffraction
Transition metals
Cations
Positive ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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Relative hydride, proton, and hydrogen atom transfer abilities of [HM(diphosphine)2]PF6 complexes (M = Pt, Ni). / Berning, Douglas E.; Noll, Bruce C.; DuBois, Daniel L.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 121, No. 49, 15.12.1999, p. 11432-11447.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Relative hydride, proton, and hydrogen atom transfer abilities of [HM(diphosphine)2]PF6 complexes (M = Pt, Ni)",
abstract = "A series of [M(diphosphine)2]X2, [HM(diphosphine)2]X, and M(diphosphine)2 complexes have been prepared for the purpose of determining the relative thermodynamic hydricities of the [HM(diphosphine)2]X complexes (M = Ni, Pt; X = BF4, PF6; diphosphine = bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane (dppe), bis(diethylphosphino)ethane (depe), bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane (dmpe), bis(dimethylphosphino)propane (dmpp)). Measurements of the half-wave potentials (E(1/2)) for the M(II) and M(0) complexes and pK(a) measurements for the metal hydride complexes have been used in a thermochemical cycle to obtain quantitative thermodynamic information on the relative hydride donor abilities of the metal-hydride complexes. The hydride donor strengths vary by 23 kcal/mol and are influenced by the metal, the ligand substituents, and the size of the chelate bite of the diphosphine ligand. The best hydride donor of the complexes prepared is [HPt(dmpe)2](PF6), a third-row transition metal with basic substituents and a diphosphine ligand with a small chelate bite. The best hydride acceptors have the opposite characteristics. X-ray diffraction studies were carried out on eight complexes: [Ni(dmpe)2](BF4)2, [Ni(depe)2](BF4)2, [Ni(dmpp)2](BF4)2, [Pt(dmpp)2](PF6)2, [Ni(dmpe)2(CH3CN)](BF4)2, [Ni(dmpp)2(CH3CN)](BF4)2, Ni(dmpp)2, and Pt(dmpp)2. The cations [Ni(dmpp)2]2+ and [Pt(dmpp)2]2+ exhibit significant tetrahedral distortions from a square-planar geometry arising from the larger chelate bite of dmpp compared to that of dmpe. This tetrahedral distortion produces a decrease in the energy of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of the [M(dmpp)2]2+ complexes, stabilizes the +1 oxidation state, and makes the [HM(dmpp)2]+ complexes poorer hydride donors than their dmpe analogues. Another interesting structural feature is the shortening of the M-P bond upon reduction from M(II) to M(0).",
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T1 - Relative hydride, proton, and hydrogen atom transfer abilities of [HM(diphosphine)2]PF6 complexes (M = Pt, Ni)

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N2 - A series of [M(diphosphine)2]X2, [HM(diphosphine)2]X, and M(diphosphine)2 complexes have been prepared for the purpose of determining the relative thermodynamic hydricities of the [HM(diphosphine)2]X complexes (M = Ni, Pt; X = BF4, PF6; diphosphine = bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane (dppe), bis(diethylphosphino)ethane (depe), bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane (dmpe), bis(dimethylphosphino)propane (dmpp)). Measurements of the half-wave potentials (E(1/2)) for the M(II) and M(0) complexes and pK(a) measurements for the metal hydride complexes have been used in a thermochemical cycle to obtain quantitative thermodynamic information on the relative hydride donor abilities of the metal-hydride complexes. The hydride donor strengths vary by 23 kcal/mol and are influenced by the metal, the ligand substituents, and the size of the chelate bite of the diphosphine ligand. The best hydride donor of the complexes prepared is [HPt(dmpe)2](PF6), a third-row transition metal with basic substituents and a diphosphine ligand with a small chelate bite. The best hydride acceptors have the opposite characteristics. X-ray diffraction studies were carried out on eight complexes: [Ni(dmpe)2](BF4)2, [Ni(depe)2](BF4)2, [Ni(dmpp)2](BF4)2, [Pt(dmpp)2](PF6)2, [Ni(dmpe)2(CH3CN)](BF4)2, [Ni(dmpp)2(CH3CN)](BF4)2, Ni(dmpp)2, and Pt(dmpp)2. The cations [Ni(dmpp)2]2+ and [Pt(dmpp)2]2+ exhibit significant tetrahedral distortions from a square-planar geometry arising from the larger chelate bite of dmpp compared to that of dmpe. This tetrahedral distortion produces a decrease in the energy of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of the [M(dmpp)2]2+ complexes, stabilizes the +1 oxidation state, and makes the [HM(dmpp)2]+ complexes poorer hydride donors than their dmpe analogues. Another interesting structural feature is the shortening of the M-P bond upon reduction from M(II) to M(0).

AB - A series of [M(diphosphine)2]X2, [HM(diphosphine)2]X, and M(diphosphine)2 complexes have been prepared for the purpose of determining the relative thermodynamic hydricities of the [HM(diphosphine)2]X complexes (M = Ni, Pt; X = BF4, PF6; diphosphine = bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane (dppe), bis(diethylphosphino)ethane (depe), bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane (dmpe), bis(dimethylphosphino)propane (dmpp)). Measurements of the half-wave potentials (E(1/2)) for the M(II) and M(0) complexes and pK(a) measurements for the metal hydride complexes have been used in a thermochemical cycle to obtain quantitative thermodynamic information on the relative hydride donor abilities of the metal-hydride complexes. The hydride donor strengths vary by 23 kcal/mol and are influenced by the metal, the ligand substituents, and the size of the chelate bite of the diphosphine ligand. The best hydride donor of the complexes prepared is [HPt(dmpe)2](PF6), a third-row transition metal with basic substituents and a diphosphine ligand with a small chelate bite. The best hydride acceptors have the opposite characteristics. X-ray diffraction studies were carried out on eight complexes: [Ni(dmpe)2](BF4)2, [Ni(depe)2](BF4)2, [Ni(dmpp)2](BF4)2, [Pt(dmpp)2](PF6)2, [Ni(dmpe)2(CH3CN)](BF4)2, [Ni(dmpp)2(CH3CN)](BF4)2, Ni(dmpp)2, and Pt(dmpp)2. The cations [Ni(dmpp)2]2+ and [Pt(dmpp)2]2+ exhibit significant tetrahedral distortions from a square-planar geometry arising from the larger chelate bite of dmpp compared to that of dmpe. This tetrahedral distortion produces a decrease in the energy of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of the [M(dmpp)2]2+ complexes, stabilizes the +1 oxidation state, and makes the [HM(dmpp)2]+ complexes poorer hydride donors than their dmpe analogues. Another interesting structural feature is the shortening of the M-P bond upon reduction from M(II) to M(0).

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