Reversible switching of magnetism in thiolate-protected Au 25 superatoms

Manzhou Zhu, Christine M. Aikens, Michael P. Hendrich, Rupal Gupta, Huifeng Qian, George C Schatz, Rongchao Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

290 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report reversible switching of paramagnetism in a well-defined gold nanoparticle system consisting of atomically monodisperse nanoparticles containing 25 gold atoms protected by 18 thiolates [abbreviated as Au25(SR) 18]. The magnetism in these nanoparticles can be switched on or off by precisely controlling the charge state of the nanoparticle, that is, the magnetic state of the Au25(SR) 18 nanoparticles is charge-neutral while the nonmagnetic state is an anionic form of the particle. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy measurements establish that the magnetic state of the Au25(SR)18 nanoparticles possess one unpaired spin per particle. EPR studies also imply an unusual electronic structure of the Au25(SR) 18 nanoparticle. Density functional theory calculations coupled with the experiments successfully explain the origin of the observed magnetism in a Au25(SR) 18 nanoparticle as arising from one unpaired spin having distinct P-like character and delocalized among the icosahedral Au13 core of the particle in the highest occupied molecular orbital. The results suggest that the Au25(SR) 18 nanoparticles are best considered as ligand-protected superatoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2490-2492
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume131
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 25 2009

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Magnetism
Nanoparticles
Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Gold
Paramagnetic resonance
Paramagnetism
Molecular orbitals
Electronic structure
Density functional theory
Spectrum Analysis
Ligands
Spectroscopy
Atoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Catalysis
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Reversible switching of magnetism in thiolate-protected Au 25 superatoms. / Zhu, Manzhou; Aikens, Christine M.; Hendrich, Michael P.; Gupta, Rupal; Qian, Huifeng; Schatz, George C; Jin, Rongchao.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 131, No. 7, 25.02.2009, p. 2490-2492.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhu, M, Aikens, CM, Hendrich, MP, Gupta, R, Qian, H, Schatz, GC & Jin, R 2009, 'Reversible switching of magnetism in thiolate-protected Au 25 superatoms', Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 131, no. 7, pp. 2490-2492. https://doi.org/10.1021/ja809157f
Zhu, Manzhou ; Aikens, Christine M. ; Hendrich, Michael P. ; Gupta, Rupal ; Qian, Huifeng ; Schatz, George C ; Jin, Rongchao. / Reversible switching of magnetism in thiolate-protected Au 25 superatoms. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2009 ; Vol. 131, No. 7. pp. 2490-2492.
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