Rhodium and Palladium Complexes of a 3,5-Lutidine-Based Phosphine Ligand

Alexander Weisman, Michael Gozin, Heinz Bernhard Kraatz, David Milstein

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58 Citations (Scopus)


The chelating bis(phosphine) 3,5-bis((diphenylphosphino)methyl)pyridine (dppLH, 9) was synthesized from 3,5-lutidine by radical chlorination, followed by reaction with LiPPh2. Compound 9 was used to prepare Rh and Pd complexes. The three complexes (dppL)RhL (L = PiPr3 (11), PPh3 (12), and CO (13)) are obtained from Rh2Cl2(COE)4 (COE = cyclooctene) and HRh(PPh3)4. Compound 9 reacts with (PhCN)2PdCl2 to form the Pd(II) complex (dppL)PdCl (14). All complexes are fully characterized. The X-ray crystal structure of 11 has been determined. It crystallizes in the triclinic space group P1̄ (No. 2) with a = 12.242(3) Å, b = 14.384(3) Å, c = 11.653(2) Å, α = 98.61(2)°, β= 96.88(2)°, γ = 106.38(2)°, V = 2023.3(8) Å3, Z = 2, R = 0.045, and Rw = 0.052. The Rh(I) center is in a square-planar coordination environment with the two phosphines of the dppL ligand framework being trans to each other. The pyridine nitrogen is unobstructed and available for binding to other metal centers. Compound 14 acts as a metalloligand toward Pd(II) centers to form the trinuclear complex {(dppL)PdCl}2PdCl2 (16). N-coordination of a metal moiety and of a Lewis acid influences the electronic properties on the Pd center.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1792-1797
Number of pages6
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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