Room temperature Young's modulus, shear modulus, Poisson's ratio and hardness of PbTe-PbS thermoelectric materials

Jennifer E. Ni, Eldon D. Case, Kristen N. Khabir, Ryan C. Stewart, Chun I. Wu, Timothy P. Hogan, Edward J. Timm, Steven N. Girard, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis

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Two-phase PbTe-PbS materials, in which PbS is a nanostructured phase, are promising thermoelectric materials for the direct conversion of heat energy into electricity. In this study, a Vickers indentation mean hardness of 1.18 ± 0.09 GPa was measured for hot pressed specimens Pb0.95Sn0.05Te-PbS 8% while the mean hardness of cast specimens was 0.68 ± 0.07 GPa. The mean fracture toughness of the not pressed specimens was estimated as 0.35 ± 0.04 MPa m1/2 via Vickers indentation. Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy (RUS) measurements on hot pressed specimens gave mean values of Young's modulus, shear modulus and Poisson's ratio of 53.1 GPa, 21.4 GPa and 0.245, respectively while for the cast specimens the Young's and shear moduli were about 10% lower than for the hot pressed, with a mean value of Poisson's ratio of 0.245. The differences between the hardness and elastic moduli values for the cast and hot pressed specimens are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-66
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2010



  • Elasticity
  • Hardness
  • Lead telluride
  • Powder processing
  • Thermoelectric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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