Rutile TiO2 as an Anode Material for Water-Splitting Dye-Sensitized Photoelectrochemical Cells

John R. Swierk, Kevin P. Regan, Jianbing Jiang, Gary W. Brudvig, Charles A. Schmuttenmaer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Water-splitting dye-sensitized photoelectrochemical cells (WS-DSPECs) use a wide bandgap metal oxide semiconductor functionalized with a light-absorbing dye and water-oxidation catalyst to harvest light and drive water oxidation, respectively. We demonstrate here that the rutile polymorph of TiO2 (r-TiO2) is a promising anode material for WS-DSPECs. Recombination between the injected electron and oxidized sensitizer with r-TiO2 is an order of magnitude slower than with anatase TiO2 (a-TiO2), with injection yields approaching 100%. Studies with a reductive quencher demonstrate that r-TiO2 is significantly more efficient than a-TiO2, while exhibiting greater dye stability. Furthermore, comparison of direct band gap excitation photocurrent generation for bare and sensitized r-TiO2 suggests that the sensitizer functions as a light harvester and redox mediator.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-606
Number of pages4
JournalACS Energy Letters
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 9 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Materials Chemistry

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