Methyl- and ethyl-terminated Si(111) surfaces prepared by a two-step chlorination/alkylation method were characterized by low temperature scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS), The STS data showed remarkably low levels of midgap states on the CH 3- and C 2H 5-terminated Si surfaces. A large conductance gap relative to the Si band gap was observed for both surfaces as well as for the hydrogen-terminated Si(111) surface. This large gap is ascribed to scanning tunneling microscope tip-induced band bending resulting from a low density of midgap states which avoid pinning of the Fermi levels on these passivated surfaces.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)