Selective oxidative dehydrogenation of propane over VMgO catalysts

M. A. Chaar, D. Patel, Harold H Kung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

333 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vanadium-magnesium oxides were found to be active and selective catalysts for the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane to propene. A selectivity of up to 65% was obtained at 10% conversion, but decreased with increasing conversion. No oxygenates were detected. The reaction rate was 0.6 ± 0.15 order in propane and zeroth order in oxygen. For comparison, the rate for butane oxidative dehydrogenation was 0.85 ± 0.15 in butane and zeroth order in oxygen. Both reactions were believed to proceed primarily with the breaking of a methylene CH bond to form an adsorbed alkyl radical species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-467
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume109
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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