Selective radionuclide (Cs+, Sr2+, and Ni 2+) ion-exchange by K2xMgxSn 3-xS6 (x=0.5-0.95) (KMS-2)

Joshua L. Mertz, Emmanouil J. Manos, Mercouri G Kanatzidis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

137Cs and 90Sr, both byproducts of the fission process, make up the majority of high-level waste from nuclear power plants. 63Ni is a byproduct of the erosion-corrosion process of the reactor components in nuclear energy plants. The concentrations of these ions in solution determine the Waste Class (A, B, or C) and thus selective removal of these ions over large excesses of other ions is necessary to reduce waste and cut costs. Herein we report the use of the Inorganic Ion Specific Media (ISM) K2xMgxSn3-xS6 (x=0.5-0.9) (KMS-2) for the ion exchange of Cs+, Sr2+, and Ni2+ in several different conditions. We will also report the stability of this new material in the general conditions found at nuclear power plants (pH ∼6-8) and DOE sites (pH>10). Measurements at low concentrations were conducted with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and Kd values are reported for each of the ions in a variety of conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Pages53-58
Number of pages6
Volume1265
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event2010 MRS Spring Meeting - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Apr 5 2010Apr 9 2010

Other

Other2010 MRS Spring Meeting
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period4/5/104/9/10

Fingerprint

Radioisotopes
radioactive isotopes
Ion exchange
Ions
ions
nuclear power plants
Nuclear power plants
Byproducts
Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
Nuclear energy
nuclear energy
Erosion
erosion
fission
low concentrations
Corrosion
corrosion
reactors
costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Mertz, J. L., Manos, E. J., & Kanatzidis, M. G. (2010). Selective radionuclide (Cs+, Sr2+, and Ni 2+) ion-exchange by K2xMgxSn 3-xS6 (x=0.5-0.95) (KMS-2). In Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (Vol. 1265, pp. 53-58)

Selective radionuclide (Cs+, Sr2+, and Ni 2+) ion-exchange by K2xMgxSn 3-xS6 (x=0.5-0.95) (KMS-2). / Mertz, Joshua L.; Manos, Emmanouil J.; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G.

Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Vol. 1265 2010. p. 53-58.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Mertz, JL, Manos, EJ & Kanatzidis, MG 2010, Selective radionuclide (Cs+, Sr2+, and Ni 2+) ion-exchange by K2xMgxSn 3-xS6 (x=0.5-0.95) (KMS-2). in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. vol. 1265, pp. 53-58, 2010 MRS Spring Meeting, San Francisco, CA, United States, 4/5/10.
Mertz JL, Manos EJ, Kanatzidis MG. Selective radionuclide (Cs+, Sr2+, and Ni 2+) ion-exchange by K2xMgxSn 3-xS6 (x=0.5-0.95) (KMS-2). In Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Vol. 1265. 2010. p. 53-58
Mertz, Joshua L. ; Manos, Emmanouil J. ; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. / Selective radionuclide (Cs+, Sr2+, and Ni 2+) ion-exchange by K2xMgxSn 3-xS6 (x=0.5-0.95) (KMS-2). Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Vol. 1265 2010. pp. 53-58
@inproceedings{20cef04503b94f94bc59fa73cab5b4e3,
title = "Selective radionuclide (Cs+, Sr2+, and Ni 2+) ion-exchange by K2xMgxSn 3-xS6 (x=0.5-0.95) (KMS-2)",
abstract = "137Cs and 90Sr, both byproducts of the fission process, make up the majority of high-level waste from nuclear power plants. 63Ni is a byproduct of the erosion-corrosion process of the reactor components in nuclear energy plants. The concentrations of these ions in solution determine the Waste Class (A, B, or C) and thus selective removal of these ions over large excesses of other ions is necessary to reduce waste and cut costs. Herein we report the use of the Inorganic Ion Specific Media (ISM) K2xMgxSn3-xS6 (x=0.5-0.9) (KMS-2) for the ion exchange of Cs+, Sr2+, and Ni2+ in several different conditions. We will also report the stability of this new material in the general conditions found at nuclear power plants (pH ∼6-8) and DOE sites (pH>10). Measurements at low concentrations were conducted with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and Kd values are reported for each of the ions in a variety of conditions.",
author = "Mertz, {Joshua L.} and Manos, {Emmanouil J.} and Kanatzidis, {Mercouri G}",
year = "2010",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781605112428",
volume = "1265",
pages = "53--58",
booktitle = "Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Selective radionuclide (Cs+, Sr2+, and Ni 2+) ion-exchange by K2xMgxSn 3-xS6 (x=0.5-0.95) (KMS-2)

AU - Mertz, Joshua L.

AU - Manos, Emmanouil J.

AU - Kanatzidis, Mercouri G

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - 137Cs and 90Sr, both byproducts of the fission process, make up the majority of high-level waste from nuclear power plants. 63Ni is a byproduct of the erosion-corrosion process of the reactor components in nuclear energy plants. The concentrations of these ions in solution determine the Waste Class (A, B, or C) and thus selective removal of these ions over large excesses of other ions is necessary to reduce waste and cut costs. Herein we report the use of the Inorganic Ion Specific Media (ISM) K2xMgxSn3-xS6 (x=0.5-0.9) (KMS-2) for the ion exchange of Cs+, Sr2+, and Ni2+ in several different conditions. We will also report the stability of this new material in the general conditions found at nuclear power plants (pH ∼6-8) and DOE sites (pH>10). Measurements at low concentrations were conducted with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and Kd values are reported for each of the ions in a variety of conditions.

AB - 137Cs and 90Sr, both byproducts of the fission process, make up the majority of high-level waste from nuclear power plants. 63Ni is a byproduct of the erosion-corrosion process of the reactor components in nuclear energy plants. The concentrations of these ions in solution determine the Waste Class (A, B, or C) and thus selective removal of these ions over large excesses of other ions is necessary to reduce waste and cut costs. Herein we report the use of the Inorganic Ion Specific Media (ISM) K2xMgxSn3-xS6 (x=0.5-0.9) (KMS-2) for the ion exchange of Cs+, Sr2+, and Ni2+ in several different conditions. We will also report the stability of this new material in the general conditions found at nuclear power plants (pH ∼6-8) and DOE sites (pH>10). Measurements at low concentrations were conducted with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and Kd values are reported for each of the ions in a variety of conditions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78650878707&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78650878707&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9781605112428

VL - 1265

SP - 53

EP - 58

BT - Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings

ER -