Selective Raman scattering from the core chlorophylls in photosystem I via preresonant near-infrared excitation

David H. Stewart, Agnes Cua, David F. Bocian, Gary W Brudvig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Raman scattering characteristics of photosystem I (PSI) over the 200-1700-cm-1 frequency range have been examined using near-infrared (NIR) excitation (λex = 800 nm). The salient features observed in the spectra are as follows: (1) The Raman spectra are characteristic of neutral, pentacoordinate chlorophyll a (Chl a) molecules regardless of the oxidation state of the primary electron donor, P700. No Raman bands are observed for the oxidized primary donor, P700+, despite the fact that the 800-nm excitation wavelength is coincident with a NIR absorption feature of the π-cation radical species. (2) The redox state of P700 has a strong influence on the temperature dependence of the preresonance Raman (PRR) scattering intensities of the neutral Chls in PSI (Qy absorption maxima 660-720 nm). When P700 is neutral, the PRR intensities of the neutral Chls decrease approximately 4-fold on going from 77 to 200 K. When P700 is chemically or photochemically oxidized, the PRR scattering intensities of the neutral Chls are essentially temperature independent. The PRR intensities of the chemically oxidized sample at 77 K are approximately 50% larger than those of the neutral sample, whereas those at 200 K are about 4-fold larger and are comparable to those observed at 77 K. The observation that the redox state of P700 dramatically alters the PRR scattering intensities of the neutral Chls suggests that the dominant contribution to the PRR spectrum obtained with 800 nm excitation is from either neutral Chls that are electronically coupled to P700 or these molecules plus the neutral pair of Chls in P700. The structure of PSI indicates that the P700 dimer is in close proximity to only a handful of core monomeric Chls. Thus, these findings suggest that NIR-excitation PRR spectroscopy provides a selective probe of the core Chls in PSI and may aid in the characterization of the electronic coupling among these Chls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3758-3764
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume103
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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Photosystem I Protein Complex
chlorophylls
Chlorophyll
Raman scattering
Raman spectra
Infrared radiation
excitation
Molecules
Infrared absorption
Dimers
infrared absorption
Raman spectroscopy
Cations
proximity
molecules
frequency ranges
Positive ions
dimers
cations
Wavelength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Selective Raman scattering from the core chlorophylls in photosystem I via preresonant near-infrared excitation. / Stewart, David H.; Cua, Agnes; Bocian, David F.; Brudvig, Gary W.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 103, No. 18, 1999, p. 3758-3764.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The Raman scattering characteristics of photosystem I (PSI) over the 200-1700-cm-1 frequency range have been examined using near-infrared (NIR) excitation (λex = 800 nm). The salient features observed in the spectra are as follows: (1) The Raman spectra are characteristic of neutral, pentacoordinate chlorophyll a (Chl a) molecules regardless of the oxidation state of the primary electron donor, P700. No Raman bands are observed for the oxidized primary donor, P700+, despite the fact that the 800-nm excitation wavelength is coincident with a NIR absorption feature of the π-cation radical species. (2) The redox state of P700 has a strong influence on the temperature dependence of the preresonance Raman (PRR) scattering intensities of the neutral Chls in PSI (Qy absorption maxima 660-720 nm). When P700 is neutral, the PRR intensities of the neutral Chls decrease approximately 4-fold on going from 77 to 200 K. When P700 is chemically or photochemically oxidized, the PRR scattering intensities of the neutral Chls are essentially temperature independent. The PRR intensities of the chemically oxidized sample at 77 K are approximately 50{\%} larger than those of the neutral sample, whereas those at 200 K are about 4-fold larger and are comparable to those observed at 77 K. The observation that the redox state of P700 dramatically alters the PRR scattering intensities of the neutral Chls suggests that the dominant contribution to the PRR spectrum obtained with 800 nm excitation is from either neutral Chls that are electronically coupled to P700 or these molecules plus the neutral pair of Chls in P700. The structure of PSI indicates that the P700 dimer is in close proximity to only a handful of core monomeric Chls. Thus, these findings suggest that NIR-excitation PRR spectroscopy provides a selective probe of the core Chls in PSI and may aid in the characterization of the electronic coupling among these Chls.",
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N2 - The Raman scattering characteristics of photosystem I (PSI) over the 200-1700-cm-1 frequency range have been examined using near-infrared (NIR) excitation (λex = 800 nm). The salient features observed in the spectra are as follows: (1) The Raman spectra are characteristic of neutral, pentacoordinate chlorophyll a (Chl a) molecules regardless of the oxidation state of the primary electron donor, P700. No Raman bands are observed for the oxidized primary donor, P700+, despite the fact that the 800-nm excitation wavelength is coincident with a NIR absorption feature of the π-cation radical species. (2) The redox state of P700 has a strong influence on the temperature dependence of the preresonance Raman (PRR) scattering intensities of the neutral Chls in PSI (Qy absorption maxima 660-720 nm). When P700 is neutral, the PRR intensities of the neutral Chls decrease approximately 4-fold on going from 77 to 200 K. When P700 is chemically or photochemically oxidized, the PRR scattering intensities of the neutral Chls are essentially temperature independent. The PRR intensities of the chemically oxidized sample at 77 K are approximately 50% larger than those of the neutral sample, whereas those at 200 K are about 4-fold larger and are comparable to those observed at 77 K. The observation that the redox state of P700 dramatically alters the PRR scattering intensities of the neutral Chls suggests that the dominant contribution to the PRR spectrum obtained with 800 nm excitation is from either neutral Chls that are electronically coupled to P700 or these molecules plus the neutral pair of Chls in P700. The structure of PSI indicates that the P700 dimer is in close proximity to only a handful of core monomeric Chls. Thus, these findings suggest that NIR-excitation PRR spectroscopy provides a selective probe of the core Chls in PSI and may aid in the characterization of the electronic coupling among these Chls.

AB - The Raman scattering characteristics of photosystem I (PSI) over the 200-1700-cm-1 frequency range have been examined using near-infrared (NIR) excitation (λex = 800 nm). The salient features observed in the spectra are as follows: (1) The Raman spectra are characteristic of neutral, pentacoordinate chlorophyll a (Chl a) molecules regardless of the oxidation state of the primary electron donor, P700. No Raman bands are observed for the oxidized primary donor, P700+, despite the fact that the 800-nm excitation wavelength is coincident with a NIR absorption feature of the π-cation radical species. (2) The redox state of P700 has a strong influence on the temperature dependence of the preresonance Raman (PRR) scattering intensities of the neutral Chls in PSI (Qy absorption maxima 660-720 nm). When P700 is neutral, the PRR intensities of the neutral Chls decrease approximately 4-fold on going from 77 to 200 K. When P700 is chemically or photochemically oxidized, the PRR scattering intensities of the neutral Chls are essentially temperature independent. The PRR intensities of the chemically oxidized sample at 77 K are approximately 50% larger than those of the neutral sample, whereas those at 200 K are about 4-fold larger and are comparable to those observed at 77 K. The observation that the redox state of P700 dramatically alters the PRR scattering intensities of the neutral Chls suggests that the dominant contribution to the PRR spectrum obtained with 800 nm excitation is from either neutral Chls that are electronically coupled to P700 or these molecules plus the neutral pair of Chls in P700. The structure of PSI indicates that the P700 dimer is in close proximity to only a handful of core monomeric Chls. Thus, these findings suggest that NIR-excitation PRR spectroscopy provides a selective probe of the core Chls in PSI and may aid in the characterization of the electronic coupling among these Chls.

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