Simultaneous Bottom-Up Interfacial and Bulk Defect Passivation in Highly Efficient Planar Perovskite Solar Cells using Nonconjugated Small-Molecule Electrolytes

Ding Zheng, Ruixiang Peng, Gang Wang, Jenna Leigh Logsdon, Binghao Wang, Xiaobing Hu, Yao Chen, Vinayak P. Dravid, Michael R Wasielewski, Junsheng Yu, Wei Huang, Ziyi Ge, Tobin J Marks, Antonio Facchetti

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent perovskite solar cell (PSC) advances have pursued strategies for reducing interfacial energetic mismatches to mitigate energy losses, as well as to minimize interfacial and bulk defects and ion vacancies to maximize charge transfer. Here nonconjugated multi-zwitterionic small-molecule electrolytes (NSEs) are introduced, which act not only as charge-extracting layers for barrier-free charge collection at planar triple cation PSC cathodes but also passivate charged defects at the perovskite bulk/interface via a spontaneous bottom-up passivation effect. Implementing these synergistic properties affords NSE-based planar PSCs that deliver a remarkable power conversion efficiency of 21.18% with a maximum VOC = 1.19 V, in combination with suppressed hysteresis and enhanced environmental, thermal, and light-soaking stability. Thus, this work demonstrates that the bottom-up, simultaneous interfacial and bulk trap passivation using NSE modifiers is a promising strategy to overcome outstanding issues impeding further PSC advances.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1903239
JournalAdvanced Materials
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • bottom-up passivation
  • electron-transport layer
  • perovskite solar cells
  • zwitterions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Zheng, D., Peng, R., Wang, G., Logsdon, J. L., Wang, B., Hu, X., Chen, Y., Dravid, V. P., Wasielewski, M. R., Yu, J., Huang, W., Ge, Z., Marks, T. J., & Facchetti, A. (Accepted/In press). Simultaneous Bottom-Up Interfacial and Bulk Defect Passivation in Highly Efficient Planar Perovskite Solar Cells using Nonconjugated Small-Molecule Electrolytes. Advanced Materials, [1903239]. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201903239