We study light absorption mechanisms in semiconducting carbon nanotubes using low-temperature, single-nanotube photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy. In addition to purely electronic transitions, we observe several strong phonon-assisted bands due to excitation of one or more phonon modes together with the first electronic state. In contrast with a small width of emission lines (sub-meV to a few meV), most of the photoluminescence excitation features have significant linewidths of tens of meV. All of these observations indicate very strong electron-phonon coupling that allows efficient excitation of electronic states via phonon-assisted processes and leads to ultrafast intraband relaxation due to inelastic electron-phonon scattering.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)