Recently, a phosphorus isomer named green phosphorus was theoretically predicted with a similar interlayer interaction compared to that of black phosphorus, thus indicating that individual layers can be mechanically exfoliated to form two-dimensional (2D) layers known as green phosphorene. In this work, we investigated the properties of green phosphorene nanoribbons along both armchair and zigzag directions with ribbon widths up to 57 Å using density functional theory. Effects of ribbon width and strain on the mechanical and electronic properties of the ribbons were studied. The Young’s modulus, effect of quantum confinement on the band gap, and effect of strain on the band structures of the ribbons were investigated. The green phosphorene ribbons were found to exhibit prominent anisotropic properties, with the Young’s modulus in the range of 10-35 GPa for the armchair green phosphorene nanoribbons (AGPNR) and 160-170 GPa for the zigzag green phosphorene nanoribbons (ZGPNR), which are the same order of magnitude as those of the 2D sheets. The work function was found to be between 5 eV ∼ 5.7 eV for the range of widths studied. Both size and strain trigger direct-indirect band gap transitions in the ribbons and their transition mechanisms were discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)