SOFISM: Super-resolution optical fluctuation image scanning microscopy

Aleksandra Sroda, Adrian Makowski, Ron Tenne, Uri Rossman, Gur Lubin, Dan Oron, Radek Lapkiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Super-resolution optical microscopy is a rapidly evolving scientific field dedicated to imaging sub-wavelength-sized objects, leaving its mark in multiple branches of biology and technology. While several super-resolution optical microscopy methods have become a common tool in life science imaging, new methods, supported by cutting-edge technology, continue to emerge. One rather recent addition to the super-resolution toolbox, image scanning microscopy (ISM), achieves up to twofold lateral resolution enhancement in a robust and straightforward manner. To further enhance ISM's resolution in all three dimensions, we present and experimentally demonstrate here super-resolution optical fluctuation ISM (SOFISM). Measuring the fluorescence fluctuation contrast in an ISM architecture, we obtain images with a ×2.5 lateral resolution beyond the diffraction limit along with an enhanced axial resolution for a fixed cell sample labeled with commercially available quantum dots. The inherent temporal averaging of the ISM technique enables image acquisition of the fluctuation correlation contrast within millisecond-scale pixel dwell times. SOFISM can therefore offer a robust path to achieve high-resolution images within a slightly modified confocal microscope, using standard fluorescent labels and reasonable acquisition times.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1308-1316
Number of pages9
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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