Sol-gel polymerization

analysis of molecular mechanisms and the effect of hydrogen

Glen E. Martin, Steve Garofalini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The polymerization of silicic acid molecules (H4SiO4) was simulated using classical molecular dynamics with multibody potentials. The mechanisms involved in the condensation process were analyzed. Although a condensation mechanism was observed in the simulations which corresponds to the mechanism commonly assumed, additional mechanisms not previously presented were also observed. The advancement of polymerization was found to depend on the non-bridging oxygens' coordination with hydrogen, the number of bridging oxygens around five-coordinated silicons and atomic momentum. The results show consistency with the chemistry described for the acid catalyzed sol-gel process where hydrogen acts as the catalyst and chains form before rings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-79
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume171
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2 1994

Fingerprint

Sol-gels
Hydrogen
Condensation
polymerization
Polymerization
gels
Silicic Acid
Oxygen
Acids
Silicon
hydrogen
Sol-gel process
Molecular dynamics
Momentum
condensation
acids
Catalysts
Molecules
oxygen
sol-gel processes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Sol-gel polymerization : analysis of molecular mechanisms and the effect of hydrogen. / Martin, Glen E.; Garofalini, Steve.

In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 171, No. 1, 02.07.1994, p. 68-79.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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