Solubility and substitution of Fe2O3 in LiNbO3

Claudia J. Rawn, Dunbar P Birnie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Iron impurities play an important role in photorefractive optical damage in lithium niobate crystals. Yet, in spite of its importance, the plentiful studies of iron incorporation into the lattice still leave no quantitative model of the substitution site or the appropriate chemical incorporation reaction. X-ray powder diffraction studies have been used to examine the solid solution changes in the lattice constants. Both the a-lattice constant and volume were found to decrease with increasing Fe2O3 content while the c-lattice constant increased with increasing Fe2O3 content. These changes were associated specifically with an iron oxide solution mechanism where iron substitutes onto both lithium and niobium lattice sites. The defect chemical reactions used to describe this solid solution process are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-296
Number of pages6
Issue number1 -4 pt 3
Publication statusPublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Engineering(all)

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