The differential capacitance of electrochemically roughened silver surfaces in mixed perchlorate electrolytes containing chloride, bromide, iodide, thiocyanate, or azide anions has been measured as a function of electrode potential and anion concentration. These results are compared with corresponding data for electropolished silver in order to ascertain the influence of surface roughening on the double-layer structure and composition of polycrystalline silver-aqueous interfaces. The surface concentrations of specifically adsorbed anions were obtained from these capacitance-potential data using a "Hurwitz-Parsons" type of analysis. Although electrochemical roughening by means of a conventional oxidation-reduction cycle in chloride media is a prerequisite to the appearance of Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) for these adsorbates, it yields only moderate (ca. 1.5- to 2-fold) increases in the actual surface area and has a relatively minor effect on their average surface concentration. However, roughening does induce noticeable changes in the morphology of the capacitance-potential curves which are traced to alterations in the surface-crystallite structure. Comparisons between the potential dependence of SERS with corresponding capacitance-potential data indicate that anion coverages close to a monolayer are necessary for stable SERS. This is attributed to the stabilization of Raman-active silver clusters by surrounding adsorbed anions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces