Spin dynamics of radical pairs with restricted geometries and strong exchange coupling

The role of hyperfine coupling

Mehdi Zarea, Raanan Carmieli, Mark A Ratner, Michael R Wasielewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Subnanosecond radical pair (RP) formation by electron transfer from an excited singlet state or by bond breaking produces two correlated spins coupled by their spin-spin exchange (J) and magnetic dipole (D) interactions. In the high magnetic field limit, the two-spin system can be described by a singlet state (S) and three triplet states (T0, T+1, T -1). When J is small relative to the electron Zeeman interaction, |T0〉 is the only triplet state that is populated by coherent spin mixing with the |S〉 state because the |T+1〉 and |T-1〉 states are well-separated from |S〉 by a large energy gap. Herein, we describe the spin dynamics for RPs having restricted geometries in which J is similar in magnitude to the electron Zeeman interaction and does not fluctuate significantly. Under these circumstances, depending on the sign of J, the energies of |T+1〉 or |T-1〉 are close to that of |S〉 so that weak isotropic electron-nuclear hyperfine coupling leads to population of |T+1〉 or |T-1〉. An approximate relationship for the triplet quantum yield is developed for a RP in the large J regime, where one or both electrons interact with nearby spin-1/2 nuclei. This relationship also yields the net spin polarization transfer to the nuclear spins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4249-4255
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume118
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 19 2014

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Spin dynamics
Exchange coupling
spin dynamics
Geometry
Electrons
geometry
atomic energy levels
electrons
Spin polarization
Quantum yield
Excited states
spin exchange
interactions
magnetic dipoles
Energy gap
nuclear spin
Magnetic fields
electron transfer
nuclei
polarization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Spin dynamics of radical pairs with restricted geometries and strong exchange coupling : The role of hyperfine coupling. / Zarea, Mehdi; Carmieli, Raanan; Ratner, Mark A; Wasielewski, Michael R.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 118, No. 24, 19.06.2014, p. 4249-4255.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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