Spin Frustration in the Triradical Trianion of a Naphthalenediimide Molecular Triangle

Yilei Wu, Matthew D. Krzyaniak, J. Fraser Stoddart, Michael R. Wasielewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Crystalline supramolecular frameworks consisting of charged molecules, held together by hydrogen bonds and Coulomb interactions, have attracted great interest because of their unusual structural, chemical, electronic, and magnetic properties. Herein, we report the preparation, structure, and magnetic properties of the triradical trianion of a shape-persistent chiral equilateral molecular triangle having three naphthalene-1,4:5,8-bis(dicarboximide)s ((+)-NDI-Δ3(−•)). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction of its tris(cobaltocenium) salt ([(+)-NDI-Δ3(−•)(CoCp2+)3]) reveals accessible one-dimensional tubular cavities, and variable-temperature electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy shows that a dilute solution of [(+)-NDI-Δ3(−•)(CoCp2+)3] in an organic glass has a spin-frustrated doublet ground state and a thermally accessible quartet state. Furthermore, SQUID magnetometry from 5 to 300 K of solid [(+)-NDI-Δ3(−•)(CoCp2+)3] shows ferromagnetic ordering with a Curie temperature TC = 20 K. The successful preparation of hybrid ionic materials comprising macrocyclic triradical trianions with spin-frustrated ground states and accessible 1D pores offers routes to new organic spintronic materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2948-2951
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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