Spin Polarization Transfer from a Photogenerated Radical Ion Pair to a Stable Radical Controlled by Charge Recombination

Noah E. Horwitz, Brian T. Phelan, Jordan N. Nelson, Catherine M. Mauck, Matthew D. Krzyaniak, Michael R Wasielewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Photoexcitation of electron donor-acceptor molecules frequently produces radical ion pairs with well-defined initial spin-polarized states that have attracted significant interest for spintronics. Transfer of this initial spin polarization to a stable radical is predicted to depend on the rates of the radical ion pair recombination reactions, but this prediction has not been tested experimentally. In this study, a stable radical/electron donor/chromophore/electron acceptor molecule, BDPA-mPD-ANI-NDI, where BDPA is α,γ-bisdiphenylene-β-phenylallyl, mPD is m-phenylenediamine, ANI is 4-aminonaphthalene-1,8-dicarboximide, and NDI is naphthalene-1,4:5,8-bis(dicarboximide), was synthesized. Photoexcitation of ANI produces the triradical BDPA-mPD+•-ANI-NDI-• in which the mPD+•-ANI-NDI-• radical ion pair is spin coupled to the BDPA stable radical. BDPA-mPD+•-ANI-NDI-• and its counterpart lacking the stable radical are found to exhibit spin-selective charge recombination in which the triplet radical ion pair 3(mPD+•-ANI-NDI-•) is in equilibrium with the 3∗NDI charge recombination product. Time-resolved EPR measurements show that this process is associated with an inversion of the sign of the polarization transferred to BDPA over time. The polarization transfer rates are found to be strongly solvent dependent, as shifts in this equilibrium affect the spin dynamics. These results demonstrate that even small changes in electron transfer dynamics can have a large effect on the spin dynamics of photogenerated multispin systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4455-4463
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume121
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2017

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Spin polarization
Ions
Spin dynamics
Electrons
Photoexcitation
polarization
ions
1-Naphthylamine
Polarization
Magnetoelectronics
Molecules
Chromophores
spin dynamics
photoexcitation
Paramagnetic resonance
recombination reactions
electrons
naphthalene
chromophores
molecules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Spin Polarization Transfer from a Photogenerated Radical Ion Pair to a Stable Radical Controlled by Charge Recombination. / Horwitz, Noah E.; Phelan, Brian T.; Nelson, Jordan N.; Mauck, Catherine M.; Krzyaniak, Matthew D.; Wasielewski, Michael R.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 121, No. 23, 15.06.2017, p. 4455-4463.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Horwitz, Noah E. ; Phelan, Brian T. ; Nelson, Jordan N. ; Mauck, Catherine M. ; Krzyaniak, Matthew D. ; Wasielewski, Michael R. / Spin Polarization Transfer from a Photogenerated Radical Ion Pair to a Stable Radical Controlled by Charge Recombination. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2017 ; Vol. 121, No. 23. pp. 4455-4463.
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