Stable and metastable structures of the multiphase tantalum nitride system

C. Stampfl, A. J. Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Citations (Scopus)


Despite its growing technological importance and potential, the tantalum nitride system is suprisingly still relatively unexplored. Using density functional theory and the all-electron total energy full-potential linearized augmented plane-wave method, we investigate the relative stability of a host of structural phases and their associated electronic properties. Through consideration of the effect of the environment via the individual atom chemical potentials, a phase diagram is obtained. Our calculations indicate that there are three stable phases Ta 5N 6, Ta 2N, and Ta 3N 5-the rest being metastable. The close energies of many structures explains the complexity of this nitride materials system and why the observed structural phases depend very sensitively upon experimental synthesis and growth conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024111
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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