State-selective electron transfer in an unsymmetric acceptor-Zn(II) porphyrin-acceptor triad

Toward a controlled directionality of electron transfer from the porphyrin S2 and S1 states as a basis for a molecular switch

Staffan Walling, Cyrille Mqnnereau, Errol Blart, Jean Richard Gankou, Fabrice Odobel, Leif Hammarström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of Zn(II) poiphyrin (ZnP) compounds covalently linked to different electron acceptor units, naphthaleneimide (NI) and naphthalenediimide (NDI), are reported. The aim was to demonstrate a stateselective direction of electron transfer, where excitation to the lowest excited S1 state of the porphyrin (Qband excitation) would give electron transfer to the NDI unit, while excitation to the higher S2 state (Soretband excitation) would give electron transfer to the NI unit. This would constitute a basis for an opto-electronic switch in which the direction of electron transfer and the resulting dipole moment can be controlled by using light input of different color. Indeed, electron transfer from the S1state to NDI occurred in solvents of both high and low polarity, whereas no electron transfer to NDI was observed from the S2 state. With NI as acceptor instead, very rapid (τ= 200-400 fs) electron transfer from the S2 state occurred in all solvents. This was followed by an ultrafast (τ≈100 fs) recombination to populate the porphyrin Si state in nearly quantitative yield. The charge-separated state ZnP-NI-was spectroscopically observed, and evidence was obtained that recombination occurred from a vibrationally excited ("hot") ZnP+NI-state in the more polar solvents. In these solvents, the thermally relaxedZnP -NI- state lies at lower energy than the S1 state so that further charge separation occurred from S1 to form ZnP-NI-. This resulted in a highly unusual "ping-pong" sequence where the reaction went back and forth between locally excited ZnP states and charge-separated states: S2 ZnP -NI-«hot»→S1=→ ZnP +NI-→ S0. The electron transfer dynamics and its solvent dependence are discussed, as well as the function of the present molecules as molecular switches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1709-1721
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume114
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Porphyrins
porphyrins
electron transfer
switches
Switches
Electrons
excitation
Excited states
switching circuits
polarization (charge separation)
Dipole moment
polarity
dipole moments
color
Color
Molecules
naphthalenediimide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

State-selective electron transfer in an unsymmetric acceptor-Zn(II) porphyrin-acceptor triad : Toward a controlled directionality of electron transfer from the porphyrin S2 and S1 states as a basis for a molecular switch. / Walling, Staffan; Mqnnereau, Cyrille; Blart, Errol; Gankou, Jean Richard; Odobel, Fabrice; Hammarström, Leif.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 114, No. 4, 2010, p. 1709-1721.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "A series of Zn(II) poiphyrin (ZnP) compounds covalently linked to different electron acceptor units, naphthaleneimide (NI) and naphthalenediimide (NDI), are reported. The aim was to demonstrate a stateselective direction of electron transfer, where excitation to the lowest excited S1 state of the porphyrin (Qband excitation) would give electron transfer to the NDI unit, while excitation to the higher S2 state (Soretband excitation) would give electron transfer to the NI unit. This would constitute a basis for an opto-electronic switch in which the direction of electron transfer and the resulting dipole moment can be controlled by using light input of different color. Indeed, electron transfer from the S1state to NDI occurred in solvents of both high and low polarity, whereas no electron transfer to NDI was observed from the S2 state. With NI as acceptor instead, very rapid (τ= 200-400 fs) electron transfer from the S2 state occurred in all solvents. This was followed by an ultrafast (τ≈100 fs) recombination to populate the porphyrin Si state in nearly quantitative yield. The charge-separated state ZnP-NI-was spectroscopically observed, and evidence was obtained that recombination occurred from a vibrationally excited ({"}hot{"}) ZnP+NI-state in the more polar solvents. In these solvents, the thermally relaxedZnP -NI- state lies at lower energy than the S1 state so that further charge separation occurred from S1 to form ZnP-NI-. This resulted in a highly unusual {"}ping-pong{"} sequence where the reaction went back and forth between locally excited ZnP states and charge-separated states: S2 ZnP -NI-«hot»→S1=→ ZnP +NI-→ S0. The electron transfer dynamics and its solvent dependence are discussed, as well as the function of the present molecules as molecular switches.",
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