Structural and chemical evolution of the SOFC anode La 0.30Sr0.70Fe0.70Cr0.30O 3-δ upon reduction and oxidation

An in situ neutron diffraction study

Jacob M. Haag, Scott A. Barnett, James W. Richardson, Kenneth R Poeppelmeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although some perovskite oxides have been shown to be stable solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anodes, the actual crystal structure of these materials under operating conditions is largely unknown. In this paper, the structural evolution of the SOFC anode La0.30Sr0.70Fe0.70Cr 0.30O3-δ was studied at 800 and 900 °C (similar to SOFC operating temperatures) in progressively reducing and oxidizing environments. The perovskite was shown to be stable down to a pO2 of 10-20 atm at 800 °C and a pO2 of 10-18 atm at 900 °C, at which point a spinel phase formed. Further reduction led to the formation of Fe metal. The phase separation of La0.30Sr 0.70Fe0.70Cr0.30O3-δ was also shown to be completely reversible with an increase in the partial oxygen pressure and reoxidation of the sample.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3283-3289
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume22
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 25 2010

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Neutron diffraction
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Anodes
Oxidation
Perovskite
Phase separation
Oxides
Crystal structure
Metals
Oxygen
Temperature
perovskite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Structural and chemical evolution of the SOFC anode La 0.30Sr0.70Fe0.70Cr0.30O 3-δ upon reduction and oxidation : An in situ neutron diffraction study. / Haag, Jacob M.; Barnett, Scott A.; Richardson, James W.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 22, No. 10, 25.05.2010, p. 3283-3289.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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