Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) thin films grown by the pulsed laser deposition method on (0001) sapphire substrates have been studied by x-ray diffraction (XRD), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It was found that the crystal orientation of the YSZ films changes as a function of oxygen pressure during deposition. At low oxygen pressure (50 mTorr), well-defined (111) oriented YSZ films are grown. High oxygen pressure favors the nucleation of (001) oriented YSZ grains. A model to explain the preferred growth direction of (001) YSZ is presented. Utilizing the experimental data, we have developed a two-step process to epitaxially grow high-quality (001) oriented YSZ on (0001) sapphire substrate.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Materials Research|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)