Structure and dimensionality of coordination complexes correlated to piperazine conformation: From discrete [CuII2] and [CuII4] complexes to a μ1,3-N 3- bridged [CuII2]n chain

Alok Ranjan Paital, Debashree Mandal, Xiaoying Huang, Jing Li, Guillem Aromí, Debashis Ray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)


Three different types of copper(ii) complexes have been studied of the hexadentate Schiff base ligand N,N′-bis[2-{(salicylidenimine)amino}ethyl] piperazine (H2L) having the piperazine backbone in the chair form and axial-axial (a,a) N-atom lone pairs in the free state. The structure of the products is influenced by the reaction conditions and by the exogenous ligands, affecting the conformation of the piperazine moiety (primary structure) and the topology and nuclearity of the resulting complexes (secondary structure). In [Cu2L(DMF)2]X2 (X = ClO4 -, 1a; NO3-, 1b), the lone-pairs of chair-piperazine adopt the equatorial-equatorial (e,e) conformation. In the presence of NEt3 and NaN3, two types of [Cu II4] complexes [Cu4(L)2(OH) 2(H2O)2]X2·nH2O (X = ClO4-, n = 1, 2a; X = NO3-, n = 4, 2b) and [Cu4(L)2(N3)2(H 2O)2]X2·H2O (X = ClO 4-, 3a; NO3-, 3b) are obtained where four copper(ii) ions are bridged by two hexadentate μ3-piperazine ligands, this time in chair-e,a conformation, and by two OH and N3 groups. In CH3CN, reactions of 1, 2 or 3 with NaN3 always produce the double end-to-end azido bridged 1D polymer [Cu2L(N 3)2]n (4) having a chair-e,e piperazine backbone. All studied conformations of the piperazine bridge mediate antiferromagnetic interactions between the Cu(ii) ions, as revealed by bulk magnetization measurements. The striking difference in intensity of the coupling through trans-e,e piperazine observed for complexes 1a and 4 might be due to complementarily effects between the ligands involved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1352-1362
Number of pages11
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this