Structure Sensitivity of Acrolein Hydrogenation by Platinum Nanoparticles on BaxSr1−xTiO3 Nanocuboids

Christopher M. Engelhardt, Robert M. Kennedy, James A. Enterkin, Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier, Donald E. Ellis, Christopher L. Marshall, Peter C. Stair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The structure sensitivity of Pt nanoparticles (PtN) for gas-phase acrolein (AC) hydrogenation was probed for PtN on BaxSr1−xTiO3 nanocuboid supports with (0 0 1) facets in a combined theoretical and experimental study. The in situ selectivity for allyl alcohol increased with the increase of the Sr concentration in the support, which corresponds to modifications in the stable Winterbottom shape and lattice strain of the Pt nanoparticles as a result of the interfacial energy between Pt and the BaxSr1−xTiO3 supports. “Local model” nanofacets of the Pt surface, edge, and corner morphologies were developed as compact representations of adsorption and reaction sites. DFT was used as the primary modeling tool for the equilibrium adsorption states. We argue that adsorption on edge sites is critically important for the overall allyl alcohol selectivity of PtN catalysts. A simple model was developed to represent PtN strain effects caused by its interaction with the substrate. Bader topological atom, spherical volume averaging charge, and modified bond valence sum analyses were used to understand the bonding structure. Density of states analysis was performed for the structures of PtN, adsorbed AC, and intermediate products to examine adsorbate–particle interactions. The simulated hydrogenation of AC on PtN nanofacets was compared to the in situ hydrogenation of AC by PtN on BaxSr1−xTiO3 to examine the effects of facet, edge, and corner sites on the overall selectivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)632-641
Number of pages10
JournalChemCatChem
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 7 2018

Keywords

  • density functional calculations
  • gas-phase reactions
  • hydrogenation
  • nanoparticles
  • platinum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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