Study of the crystal structures and nonstoichiometry in the system CS3Sc2Cl9-CsScCl3

Kenneth R Poeppelmeier, John D. Corbett, Tom P. McMullen, David R. Torgeson, Richard G. Barnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The phase Cs3Sc2Cl9 has the Cs3Tl2Cl9 type structure (R3c, a = 12.707 (2) Å, c = 18.117 (4) Å) rather than the chromium(III) structure type common to the remainder of the 3d elements. The 45Sc NMR spectra of ScCl3 and of Cs3Sc2Cl9, which has been slowly cooled in comparison with that quenched from the melt and annealed, establish that the ternary compound melts somewhat incongruently. Reduction of the scandium(III) phase at elevated temperatures by metal gives CsScCl3 which has the CsNiCl3 structure (hexagonal perovskite, P63/mmc, a = 7.350 (2) Å, c = 6.045 (3) Å). The close relationship between the two structures, strings of scandium pairs alternating with vacancies in Cs3Sc2Cl9 and fully occupied strings of metal in the reduced limit, allows for an apparent region of nonstoichiometry between the two without X-ray evidence for superstructure ordering of vacancies. Values of R = 0.055 and Rw = 0.064 were obtained by least-squares refinement of 108 independent reflections from a single crystal with a refined average scandium occupancy of 0.79 (3). Limited refinement of 3m-symmetry diffraction data from the same crystal reveals that the scandium atoms are probably unevenly distributed, namely, as fully occupied pairs with random fractional occupancy of the third site. Precise Guinier powder diffraction data suggest that all scandium sites become crystallographically equivalent above about 87-90% average occupancy. The blue CsScCl3 is probably a semiconductor rather than a metallic compound.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume19
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1980

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Scandium
scandium
Crystal structure
crystal structure
Vacancies
strings
Metals
Metallic compounds
Crystal symmetry
Chromium
diffraction
metals
chromium
Diffraction
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Single crystals
Semiconductor materials
X rays
Atoms
nuclear magnetic resonance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Poeppelmeier, K. R., Corbett, J. D., McMullen, T. P., Torgeson, D. R., & Barnes, R. G. (1980). Study of the crystal structures and nonstoichiometry in the system CS3Sc2Cl9-CsScCl3. Inorganic Chemistry, 19(1), 129-134.

Study of the crystal structures and nonstoichiometry in the system CS3Sc2Cl9-CsScCl3. / Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R; Corbett, John D.; McMullen, Tom P.; Torgeson, David R.; Barnes, Richard G.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1980, p. 129-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Poeppelmeier, KR, Corbett, JD, McMullen, TP, Torgeson, DR & Barnes, RG 1980, 'Study of the crystal structures and nonstoichiometry in the system CS3Sc2Cl9-CsScCl3', Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 129-134.
Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R ; Corbett, John D. ; McMullen, Tom P. ; Torgeson, David R. ; Barnes, Richard G. / Study of the crystal structures and nonstoichiometry in the system CS3Sc2Cl9-CsScCl3. In: Inorganic Chemistry. 1980 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 129-134.
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abstract = "The phase Cs3Sc2Cl9 has the Cs3Tl2Cl9 type structure (R3c, a = 12.707 (2) {\AA}, c = 18.117 (4) {\AA}) rather than the chromium(III) structure type common to the remainder of the 3d elements. The 45Sc NMR spectra of ScCl3 and of Cs3Sc2Cl9, which has been slowly cooled in comparison with that quenched from the melt and annealed, establish that the ternary compound melts somewhat incongruently. Reduction of the scandium(III) phase at elevated temperatures by metal gives CsScCl3 which has the CsNiCl3 structure (hexagonal perovskite, P63/mmc, a = 7.350 (2) {\AA}, c = 6.045 (3) {\AA}). The close relationship between the two structures, strings of scandium pairs alternating with vacancies in Cs3Sc2Cl9 and fully occupied strings of metal in the reduced limit, allows for an apparent region of nonstoichiometry between the two without X-ray evidence for superstructure ordering of vacancies. Values of R = 0.055 and Rw = 0.064 were obtained by least-squares refinement of 108 independent reflections from a single crystal with a refined average scandium occupancy of 0.79 (3). Limited refinement of 3m-symmetry diffraction data from the same crystal reveals that the scandium atoms are probably unevenly distributed, namely, as fully occupied pairs with random fractional occupancy of the third site. Precise Guinier powder diffraction data suggest that all scandium sites become crystallographically equivalent above about 87-90{\%} average occupancy. The blue CsScCl3 is probably a semiconductor rather than a metallic compound.",
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N2 - The phase Cs3Sc2Cl9 has the Cs3Tl2Cl9 type structure (R3c, a = 12.707 (2) Å, c = 18.117 (4) Å) rather than the chromium(III) structure type common to the remainder of the 3d elements. The 45Sc NMR spectra of ScCl3 and of Cs3Sc2Cl9, which has been slowly cooled in comparison with that quenched from the melt and annealed, establish that the ternary compound melts somewhat incongruently. Reduction of the scandium(III) phase at elevated temperatures by metal gives CsScCl3 which has the CsNiCl3 structure (hexagonal perovskite, P63/mmc, a = 7.350 (2) Å, c = 6.045 (3) Å). The close relationship between the two structures, strings of scandium pairs alternating with vacancies in Cs3Sc2Cl9 and fully occupied strings of metal in the reduced limit, allows for an apparent region of nonstoichiometry between the two without X-ray evidence for superstructure ordering of vacancies. Values of R = 0.055 and Rw = 0.064 were obtained by least-squares refinement of 108 independent reflections from a single crystal with a refined average scandium occupancy of 0.79 (3). Limited refinement of 3m-symmetry diffraction data from the same crystal reveals that the scandium atoms are probably unevenly distributed, namely, as fully occupied pairs with random fractional occupancy of the third site. Precise Guinier powder diffraction data suggest that all scandium sites become crystallographically equivalent above about 87-90% average occupancy. The blue CsScCl3 is probably a semiconductor rather than a metallic compound.

AB - The phase Cs3Sc2Cl9 has the Cs3Tl2Cl9 type structure (R3c, a = 12.707 (2) Å, c = 18.117 (4) Å) rather than the chromium(III) structure type common to the remainder of the 3d elements. The 45Sc NMR spectra of ScCl3 and of Cs3Sc2Cl9, which has been slowly cooled in comparison with that quenched from the melt and annealed, establish that the ternary compound melts somewhat incongruently. Reduction of the scandium(III) phase at elevated temperatures by metal gives CsScCl3 which has the CsNiCl3 structure (hexagonal perovskite, P63/mmc, a = 7.350 (2) Å, c = 6.045 (3) Å). The close relationship between the two structures, strings of scandium pairs alternating with vacancies in Cs3Sc2Cl9 and fully occupied strings of metal in the reduced limit, allows for an apparent region of nonstoichiometry between the two without X-ray evidence for superstructure ordering of vacancies. Values of R = 0.055 and Rw = 0.064 were obtained by least-squares refinement of 108 independent reflections from a single crystal with a refined average scandium occupancy of 0.79 (3). Limited refinement of 3m-symmetry diffraction data from the same crystal reveals that the scandium atoms are probably unevenly distributed, namely, as fully occupied pairs with random fractional occupancy of the third site. Precise Guinier powder diffraction data suggest that all scandium sites become crystallographically equivalent above about 87-90% average occupancy. The blue CsScCl3 is probably a semiconductor rather than a metallic compound.

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