Subsolidus phase relations and transparent conductors in the cadmium-indium-tin oxide system

Daniel R. Kammler, Bryan J. Harder, Nikolas W. Hrabe, Nikkia M. McDonald, Gabriela B. González, David A. Penake, Thomas O Mason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Subsolidus phase relations have been determined in the CdO-InO 1.5-SnO 2 system at 1175°C. A cubic-bixbyite solution In 2-2x(Cd,Sn) 2xO 3 (0 <x <0.34), a cubic spinel solution (1-x)CdIn 2O 4-xCd 2SnO 4 (0 <x <0.75), and an orthorhombic-perovskite solution Cd 1-xSn 1-xIn 2xO 3 (0 <x <0.045) having the GdFeO 3 structure have been discovered. The CdO phase field exists over a small range of InO 1.5 (2 (2SnO 4 (Sr 2PbO 4 structure) and rutile SnO 2 appear to be point compounds with negligible solubility. The vertical section between spinel CdIn 2O 4 and orthorhombic Cd 2SnO 4 was determined between 900° and 1175°C. The spinel phase field (1-x)CdIn 2O 4-xCd 2SnO 4 was found to extend between x = 0 and x = 0.75 at 1175°C or x = 0.78 at 900°C. All of the phases in this system appear to allow small excess quantities of the donors In and/or Sn (vs cation stoichiometry) which may be the source of the electrons that give these oxides their n-type character. The electrical and optical properties of bulk and thin-film specimens in this system are compared and contrasted with each other and the relative merits of each are assessed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2345-2352
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume85
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2002

Fingerprint

Tin oxides
Cadmium
Indium
Stoichiometry
Perovskite
Oxides
Cations
Electric properties
Optical properties
Solubility
Positive ions
Thin films
Electrons
indium tin oxide
spinell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Kammler, D. R., Harder, B. J., Hrabe, N. W., McDonald, N. M., González, G. B., Penake, D. A., & Mason, T. O. (2002). Subsolidus phase relations and transparent conductors in the cadmium-indium-tin oxide system. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 85(9), 2345-2352.

Subsolidus phase relations and transparent conductors in the cadmium-indium-tin oxide system. / Kammler, Daniel R.; Harder, Bryan J.; Hrabe, Nikolas W.; McDonald, Nikkia M.; González, Gabriela B.; Penake, David A.; Mason, Thomas O.

In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 85, No. 9, 09.2002, p. 2345-2352.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kammler, DR, Harder, BJ, Hrabe, NW, McDonald, NM, González, GB, Penake, DA & Mason, TO 2002, 'Subsolidus phase relations and transparent conductors in the cadmium-indium-tin oxide system', Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 85, no. 9, pp. 2345-2352.
Kammler DR, Harder BJ, Hrabe NW, McDonald NM, González GB, Penake DA et al. Subsolidus phase relations and transparent conductors in the cadmium-indium-tin oxide system. Journal of the American Ceramic Society. 2002 Sep;85(9):2345-2352.
Kammler, Daniel R. ; Harder, Bryan J. ; Hrabe, Nikolas W. ; McDonald, Nikkia M. ; González, Gabriela B. ; Penake, David A. ; Mason, Thomas O. / Subsolidus phase relations and transparent conductors in the cadmium-indium-tin oxide system. In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society. 2002 ; Vol. 85, No. 9. pp. 2345-2352.
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