Substitution of the D1-Asn87 site in photosystem II of cyanobacteria mimics the chloride-binding characteristics of spinach photosystem II

Gourab Banerjee, Ipsita Ghosh, Christopher J. Kim, Richard J. Debus, Gary W Brudvig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Photoinduced water oxidation at the O2-evolving complex (OEC) of photosystem II (PSII) is a complex process involving a tetramanganese-calcium cluster that is surrounded by a hydrogen-bonded network of water molecules, chloride ions, and amino acid residues. Although the structure of the OEC has remained conserved over eons of evolution, significant differences in the chloride-binding characteristics exist between cyanobacteria and higher plants. An analysis of amino acid residues in and around the OEC has identified residue 87 in the D1 subunit as the only significant difference between PSII in cyanobacteria and higher plants. We substituted the D1-Asn87 residue in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (wildtype) with alanine, present in higher plants, or with aspartic acid. We studied PSII core complexes purified from D1-N87A and D1-N87D variant strains to probe the function of the D1-Asn87 residue in the water-oxidation mechanism. EPR spectra of the S2 state and flash-induced FTIR spectra of both D1-N87A and D1-N87D PSII core complexes exhibited characteristics similar to those of wildtype Synechocystis PSII core complexes. However, flash-induced O2-evolution studies revealed a decreased cycling efficiency of the D1-N87D variant, whereas the cycling efficiency of the D1-N87A PSII variant was similar to that of wildtype PSII. Steady-state O2-evolution activity assays revealed that substitution of the D1 residue at position 87 with alanine perturbs the chloride-binding site in the proton-exit channel. These findings provide new insight into the role of the D1-Asn87 site in the water-oxidation mechanism and explain the difference in the chloride-binding properties of cyanobacterial and higher-plant PSII.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2487-2497
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume293
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Photosystem II Protein Complex
Spinacia oleracea
Cyanobacteria
Chlorides
Substitution reactions
Synechocystis
Water
Alanine
Oxidation
Amino Acids
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
Aspartic Acid
Paramagnetic resonance
Protons
Hydrogen
Assays
Binding Sites
Ions
Calcium
Molecules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Substitution of the D1-Asn87 site in photosystem II of cyanobacteria mimics the chloride-binding characteristics of spinach photosystem II. / Banerjee, Gourab; Ghosh, Ipsita; Kim, Christopher J.; Debus, Richard J.; Brudvig, Gary W.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 293, No. 7, 01.01.2018, p. 2487-2497.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Photoinduced water oxidation at the O2-evolving complex (OEC) of photosystem II (PSII) is a complex process involving a tetramanganese-calcium cluster that is surrounded by a hydrogen-bonded network of water molecules, chloride ions, and amino acid residues. Although the structure of the OEC has remained conserved over eons of evolution, significant differences in the chloride-binding characteristics exist between cyanobacteria and higher plants. An analysis of amino acid residues in and around the OEC has identified residue 87 in the D1 subunit as the only significant difference between PSII in cyanobacteria and higher plants. We substituted the D1-Asn87 residue in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (wildtype) with alanine, present in higher plants, or with aspartic acid. We studied PSII core complexes purified from D1-N87A and D1-N87D variant strains to probe the function of the D1-Asn87 residue in the water-oxidation mechanism. EPR spectra of the S2 state and flash-induced FTIR spectra of both D1-N87A and D1-N87D PSII core complexes exhibited characteristics similar to those of wildtype Synechocystis PSII core complexes. However, flash-induced O2-evolution studies revealed a decreased cycling efficiency of the D1-N87D variant, whereas the cycling efficiency of the D1-N87A PSII variant was similar to that of wildtype PSII. Steady-state O2-evolution activity assays revealed that substitution of the D1 residue at position 87 with alanine perturbs the chloride-binding site in the proton-exit channel. These findings provide new insight into the role of the D1-Asn87 site in the water-oxidation mechanism and explain the difference in the chloride-binding properties of cyanobacterial and higher-plant PSII.",
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AB - Photoinduced water oxidation at the O2-evolving complex (OEC) of photosystem II (PSII) is a complex process involving a tetramanganese-calcium cluster that is surrounded by a hydrogen-bonded network of water molecules, chloride ions, and amino acid residues. Although the structure of the OEC has remained conserved over eons of evolution, significant differences in the chloride-binding characteristics exist between cyanobacteria and higher plants. An analysis of amino acid residues in and around the OEC has identified residue 87 in the D1 subunit as the only significant difference between PSII in cyanobacteria and higher plants. We substituted the D1-Asn87 residue in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (wildtype) with alanine, present in higher plants, or with aspartic acid. We studied PSII core complexes purified from D1-N87A and D1-N87D variant strains to probe the function of the D1-Asn87 residue in the water-oxidation mechanism. EPR spectra of the S2 state and flash-induced FTIR spectra of both D1-N87A and D1-N87D PSII core complexes exhibited characteristics similar to those of wildtype Synechocystis PSII core complexes. However, flash-induced O2-evolution studies revealed a decreased cycling efficiency of the D1-N87D variant, whereas the cycling efficiency of the D1-N87A PSII variant was similar to that of wildtype PSII. Steady-state O2-evolution activity assays revealed that substitution of the D1 residue at position 87 with alanine perturbs the chloride-binding site in the proton-exit channel. These findings provide new insight into the role of the D1-Asn87 site in the water-oxidation mechanism and explain the difference in the chloride-binding properties of cyanobacterial and higher-plant PSII.

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